Equal Pay: Ethnic Groups

Women and Equalities written question – answered at on 25 March 2024.

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Photo of Lord Shinkwin Lord Shinkwin Conservative

To ask His Majesty's Government what was the ethnicity pay gap for (1) people of Bangladeshi heritage, (2) people of Pakistani heritage, and (3) people of African Caribbean heritage, for each of the past five years.

Photo of Baroness Barran Baroness Barran The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Education, Lords Spokesperson (Equalities)

The most recent data available on UK ethnicity pay gaps is for 2022. The adjusted pay gaps for the most recent 5 years (2018 to 2022) for the Bangladeshi, Pakistani and Caribbean ethnic groups are provided below. A positive percentage value for the ethnicity pay gap means that the relevant ethnic group earns less than the white reference group.

Adjusted Ethnicity Pay Gaps





UK born 8.3% Non UK born 17.4%

UK born estimate considered unreliable (-2.0%) Non UK born 14.1%

UK born 3.3% Non UK born 4.7%


UK born 18.3% Non UK born 20.4%

UK born 9.5% Non UK born 11.9%

UK born 8.0% Non UK born 10.5%


UK born 3.5% Non UK born 22.6%

UK born 12.1% Non UK born 20.8%

UK born 4.2% Non UK born estimate considered unreliable (3.7%)


UK born 7.0% Non UK born 20.6%

UK born 3.2% Non UK born 16.0%

UK born 6.3% Non UK born 11.9%


UK born 9.7% Non UK born 28.7%

UK born 6.1% Non UK born 14.7%

UK born 7.5% Non UK born 9.4%

Adjusted pay gaps account for a variety of pay determining characteristics such as occupation, age, sex and geographical region. These figures are split into UK and non-UK born as we do not have the overall adjusted pay gap available for these specific ethnic groups. Further data on ethnicity pay gaps is available from the ONS website at https://www.ons.gov.uk/employmentandlabourmarket/peopleinwork/earningsandworkinghours/articles/ethnicitypaygapsingreatbritain/2012to2022/relateddata.

Closing ethnicity pay gaps requires much wider shifts in society. Our ambitious Inclusive Britain strategy, published in March 2022, set out 74 bold actions to tackle entrenched ethnic disparities in employment, education, health and criminal justice. This includes our comprehensive guidance for employers on ethnicity pay reporting, published last April, which set out best practice on measuring, analysing and reporting ethnicity pay gaps. We also launched an Inclusion at Work Panel last year aimed at helping employers achieve fairness and inclusion in the workplace.

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