Prison Accommodation: Construction

Ministry of Justice written question – answered at on 25 March 2024.

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Photo of Shabana Mahmood Shabana Mahmood Shadow Secretary of State for Justice

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many prison cells have been built in each year since 2010, broken down by cell type.

Photo of Edward Argar Edward Argar The Minister of State, Ministry of Justice

As some cells hold more than one person, the operational capacity of the prison estate is best understood by the number of places rather than number of cells, and this is how data is recorded by HMPPS.

The below table provides a summary of the number of prison places which have opened in each year since 2010, broken down into Adult Male, Female and CYPSE (Children and Young People’s Estate). Please note that, for simplicity, all places relating to a prison opening are included in the year that the prison opened. In practice, a new prison may take more than a year before reaching its final operational capacity.

Year

Adult Male

Female

CYPSE

Total

2010

1479

1479

2011

240

240

2012

3066

3066

2013

201

201

2014

45

45

2015

1466

85

1551

2016

78

78

2017

2000

2000

2018

580

580

2019

206

206

2020

484

24

508

2021

1044

20

1064

2022

2176

2176

2023

2435

24

2459

2024

140

40

180

Total

15413

271

45

15729

We continue to push ahead with the largest prison expansion programme since the Victorian Era – with 10,000 of the pledged 20,000 additional places to be delivered by the end of 2025.

We have also put in place short-term measures across the prison estate to expand capacity by the equivalent of around 2,000 places since September 2022, through doubling up cells and delaying non-urgent maintenance work where safe to do so. Thousands of places are also being created through the expansion of prisons through additional house blocks and major refurbishments at existing prisons and we are rolling out Rapid Deployment Cells across the estate, with c.590 already delivered at eleven sites.

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