Import Controls: Disease Control

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs written question – answered at on 23 February 2024.

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Photo of Baroness Hayman of Ullock Baroness Hayman of Ullock Opposition Whip (Lords), Shadow Spokesperson (Environment, Food and Rural Affairs)

To ask His Majesty's Government what proportion of consignments will be physically inspected for compliance with sanitary and phytosanitary controls under their Border Target Operating Model; and how the suitability of that proportion will be kept under review.

Photo of Lord Douglas-Miller Lord Douglas-Miller The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs

The physical inspection rate for is determined by the risk categorisation of a particular commodity, as set out below. The review of risk categorisation is an ongoing and continual process. Defra undertake the risk modelling necessary to categorise commodities, advised by an expert panel comprised of risk analysts, risk managers and policy representatives from the Animal and Plant Health Agency, the Food Standards Agency (which advises the UK and Welsh Governments), and Food Standards Scotland, alongside public health and disease control policy experts from the UK Health Security Agency and from the UK, Welsh and Scottish Governments. The categorisation is based on the inherent risk (high, medium or low) that the commodity poses to animal and plant health, food safety, alongside any specific risk from the country/region of origin. The categorisation approach draws on a range of data including disease outbreak data, known public health risks, transmission data, trade restrictions, non-compliance data and our confidence in the exporting country’s production standards and health controls, among other sources.

Live animals and products of animal origin physical inspection rates

Risk Category

Physical inspection rate

High risk (live animals and high risk POAO, such as those subject to safeguarding measures)

100%

Medium risk

1%-30%, depending on specifics of the import

Low risk

0%

Plant and plant products physical inspection rates

Risk Category

Physical inspection rate

High risk

100% - Plants for planting, woody and/or for commercial production 30% - Plants for planting, non woody and for retail sale as outdoor plants 5% - Plants for planting, non woody and for retail sale as indoor plants

Medium Risk

3%-5%

Low Risk

0%

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