Health: Equality

Department of Health and Social Care written question – answered on 5th September 2022.

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Photo of Colleen Fletcher Colleen Fletcher Opposition Whip (Commons)

To ask the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, whether his Department has made an assessment of the effect of the covid-19 outbreak on levels of health inequalities in (a) Coventry North East constituency, (b) Coventry, (c) the West Midlands and (d) England.

Photo of Maggie Throup Maggie Throup The Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Health and Social Care

No specific assessment has been made at constituency level as this information is not collected in the format requested. The Office for Health Improvement and Disparities’ (OHID) Segment Tool provides information on the causes of deaths and age groups associated with inequalities in life expectancy at local area level. The tool is available at the following link:

https://analytics.phe.gov.uk/apps/segment-tool/

The data shows the contribution of causes of death to the gap in life expectancy between the most and least deprived fifth of areas in Coventry in 2020/21. The gap in life expectancy in Coventry was 10.2 years for males and 7.5 years for females. The contribution of COVID-19 to these gaps was 1.11 years and 0.97 years for males and females respectively.

OHID’s COVID-19 Health Inequalities Monitoring for England (CHIME) tool collects data relating to inequalities in the impacts of COVID-19, which is available at the following link:

https://analytics.phe.gov.uk/apps/chime/

In the West Midlands, the gap in male life expectancy between the most and least deprived tenth of areas was 11.2 years in 2021, an increase of 1.9 years than in 2019. For females, the gap was 9.2 years in 2021, an increase of 1.9 years than in 2019. Within the West Midlands, the contribution of COVID-19 deaths to the gap in life expectancy in 2021 was 1.97 years for males and 1.80 years for females. For both sexes, COVID-19 was the cause of death which made the biggest contribution to the life expectancy gap in 2021.

In England, the gap in male life expectancy between the most and least deprived tenth of areas in England was 10.5 years in 2021, an increase of 1.2 years than in 2019. For females, the gap was 8.7 years in 2021, an increase of a year compared to 2019. The contribution of COVID-19 deaths to the gap in life expectancy in 2021 was 1.40 years for males and 1.19 years for females. For females, COVID-19 was the cause of death which made the biggest contribution to the life expectancy gap in England in 2021. For males, heart disease made the biggest contribution, followed by COVID-19.

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