Manufacturing Industries: Iron and Steel

Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy written question – answered on 20th April 2022.

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Photo of Lord Wigley Lord Wigley Plaid Cymru

To ask Her Majesty's Government what proportion of the steel used in the UK manufacturing industry was produced (1) in the UK, (2) in the EU, and (3) in the rest of the world, in the last year for which figures are available.

Photo of Lord Callanan Lord Callanan Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)

We are unable to identify the country of origin for steel used in the UK manufacturing industry specifically.

In 2020, the UK consumed 9.0mt of finished steel (World Steel Association report, copy attached). According to the International Steel Statistics Bureau, 50% was sourced from UK producers. The remaining 50% was imported from foreign producers. Based on import data, we estimate the following proportions for the regions below:

  1. The EU: 35%
  2. The Rest of the World: 15%

According to the Future Capacities and Capabilities of the UK Steel Industry (attached), c.20% of the demand for finished steel products in 2015 was for manufacturing (defined as automotive, machinery & engineering, and packaging).

World Steel Association report (pdf, 1732.9KB)

Future Capacities/Capabilities, UK Steel Industry (pdf, 6494.7KB)

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