The forthcoming Road Safety Strategic Framework announced last year will draw on the safe system approach, including the safer vehicles pillar. The Government recognises the contribution that new vehicle technologies can make to this pillar, and is driving this forward through a range of domestic and international activities.
From 1 January 2021, the Government introduced a provisional GB Type Approval scheme for road vehicles to ensure there was no disruption to the market. The Department for Transport is now working to deliver a full scheme, which is expected to be implemented by the end of the year and will provide the regulatory framework needed to amend Type Approval requirements in Great Britain.
The EU General Safety Regulation (GSR) will set updated vehicle and pedestrian safety requirements across the EU and Northern Ireland from June 2022. The GSR includes a new frontal impact provision requiring the use of crash test dummies representative of a small female occupant as well as injury threshold values reflective of older occupants, reflecting a United Nations requirement that DfT officials helped to negotiate.
The Government is currently considering which technologies from the GSR might form part of our national approval requirements. The Department for Transport remains a member of the European New Car Assessment Programme (Euro NCAP) which already incentivises many of the technologies called up in the GSR, including the enhanced frontal impact requirements.