Armed Forces: Foreign Nationals

Ministry of Defence written question – answered on 7th June 2021.

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Photo of Stephanie Peacock Stephanie Peacock Shadow Minister (Defence)

To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel with non-UK nationality left the armed forces in each of the last three years.

Photo of Stephanie Peacock Stephanie Peacock Shadow Minister (Defence)

To ask the Secretary of State for Defence, how many armed forces personnel with non-UK nationality left the armed forces after having served (a) less than four years, (b) four to 12 years and (c) 12 or more years in each of the last three years.

Photo of Leo Docherty Leo Docherty Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State (jointly with the Ministry of Defence)

The table below provides the number of Armed Forces Personnel with non-UK nationality who have left the Armed Forces in each of the last three years.

Table 1: Outflow1 of UK Regulars2 and Gurkhas with a Non UK Nationality 3, 4

Nationality

2018

2019

2020

Non UK

480

360

300

Unknown5

40

130

250

The table below shows the number of years members of the Armed Forces have served before leaving the Armed Forces in each of the last three years.

Table 2: Outflow1 of UK Regulars2 and Gurkhas with a known Non UK Nationality 3,4 by Length of Service6

Length of Service (in years)

2018

2019

2020

0-3

40

50

110

4-11

300

190

90

12+

140

120

100

Total

480

360

300

Notes and Caveats

  1. Outflow is derived by month-on-month comparisons of strength. These figures include outflow to specific populations including outflow to the Regular Armed Forces, or another reserve population not included in FR20. Personnel flowing from the Trained to the Untrained Strengths are not captured in this table. We capture individuals who intake and outflow within the same month. For example, if an individual joins on 3 March and leaves on 29 March they are counted as an intake and an outflow

2. UK Regulars comprise Full time Service personnel, including Nursing Services, but excluding Full Time Reserve Service (FTRS) personnel, mobilised Reservists, Military Provost Guard Service (MPGS), Locally Engaged Personnel (LEP), Non Regular Permanent Staff (NRPS), High Readiness Reserve (HRR) and Expeditionary Forces Institute (EFI) personnel. Includes trained and untrained personnel.

  1. This applies to Commonwealth UK Regular Personnel, Gurkhas and those Nepalese who have transferred out of the Brigade of Gurkhas to serve in the wider Armed Forces. Non-UK has therefore been defined as comprising those nationalities. Irish and other nationalities are not included. This will differ from nationality data in the Biannual Diversity Statistics, which do not include Gurkha personnel or the full list of other nationalities.

4. Nationality at outflow as declared in the Joint Personnel Administration (JPA). This may differ from Nationality at Birth.

5. Unknown refers to those with no known nationality recorded on the Joint Personnel Administration system.

6.Length of service has been calculated using entry date. There are known problems with the entry date information extracted from JPA. If personnel have transferred between Services, have served under an alternative assignment type (e.g. Reserve Forces), are re-entrants or have transferred from Other Ranks to Officers, their entry date may correspond to any of these events. The resulting LoS may reflect their current period of service, include previous service, or it may be the time that has elapsed since they first joined the Armed Forces, irrespective of any break in service. It will invariably include time spent on untrained strength.

7. Figures have been rounded to the nearest 10 in line with disclosure control policy. Figures ending in 5 are rounded to the nearest 20 to avoid bias.

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