Research: Employment

Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy written question – answered on 15th March 2021.

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Photo of Rachel Reeves Rachel Reeves Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, what assessment he has made of the geographical spread of research and development spending by (a) region and (b) local authority of the UK.

Photo of Amanda Solloway Amanda Solloway Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy)

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) publishes a country and region breakdown of R&D spending in table 6 of the annual release on UK gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD). The aggregate figures for 2018 were:

Current prices

£ million

Total

United Kingdom

37,072

North East

780

North West

2,950

Yorkshire and the Humber

1,641

East Midlands

2,209

West Midlands

3,285

East of England

6,598

London

5,886

South East

7,029

South West

2,483

England

32,862

Wales

786

Scotland

2,706

Northern Ireland

715

The ONS does not publish a breakdown of R&D spending by local authority area.

HM Revenue and Customs publish a breakdown of corporate R&D tax credit claims by county and unitary authority area at https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/878879/200408-_R_D_Supplementary_final_tables.xlsx, though those numbers are distorted by headquarters reporting effects, since the local and regional allocation is based on the postcode of the company's registered address, which might not correspond to where the R&D activity takes place.

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