Female Genital Mutilation

Home Office written question – answered on 17th September 2020.

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Photo of Baroness Tonge Baroness Tonge Independent Liberal Democrat

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many women and girls in the UK they estimate have been affected by female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C); how many women and girls were treated in the UK for matters related to FGM/C in the year to March; of those, how many were born in the UK; what assessment they have made of those figures; and what plans, if any, they have (1) to cut funding to, and (2) to close, centres in the UK.

Photo of Baroness Williams of Trafford Baroness Williams of Trafford The Minister of State, Home Department

FGM is a crime and it is child abuse. We will not tolerate a practice that can cause extreme and lifelong physical and psychological suffering to women and girls.

In 2015, a City University and Equality Now study (part funded by the Home Office), estimated that 137,000 women and girls who had migrated to England and Wales were living with the consequences of FGM, and approximately 60,000 girls aged 0-14 were born in England and Wales to mothers who had undergone FGM.

NHS Digital publish quarterly and annual statistics on FGM. The April 2019 to March 2020 annual report shows that during that period 6,590 individual women and girls had an attendance at an NHS Trust or GP practice in England at which FGM was identified or a procedure for FGM was undertaken and 205 of these women and girls were known to have been born in the UK (all data is rounded to the nearest 5). The full report can be found here: https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/female-genital-mutilation/april-2019---march-2020

We have no plans to cut funding to or to close centres for FGM in the UK.

NHS England & NHS Improvement and local bodies continue to fund healthcare services for women and girls who have undergone FGM, as well as prevention services. These activities are being delivered on a day to day basis following the successful delivery, by the DHSC, of the FGM Prevention Programme – which delivered systems, training and guidance to improve how the NHS responds to the health needs of women and girls who have undergone FGM.

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