Social Security Benefits: Children

Department for Work and Pensions written question – answered on 5th November 2019.

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Photo of Baroness Eaton Baroness Eaton Conservative

To ask Her Majesty's Government how much they have spent on (1) benefits, and (2) tax credits, related to childcare and other child-related costs, broken down by each payment, in the last year for which figures are available.

Photo of Baroness Stedman-Scott Baroness Stedman-Scott The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

The profile of spending on the Childcare Element of Universal Credit in 2018/19 was £100 million1. As the volume of claimants with children on legacy benefits decreases as they move to Universal Credit, spending on childcare will increase accordingly.

Spending on child-related benefits administered by HMRC are shown in the table below.


Child Tax Credit (excluding childcare element)2

£18.0 billion

Tax Free Childcare 3

£117 million

Child Benefit 3

£11.5 billion


  1. The Universal Credit spending is derived from internal DWP models, and costs have been rounded to the nearest £100 million.
  2. Total Child Tax Credits comes from HMRC 2018-19 Annual Report and Accounts. This is reduced by an estimate of the value that relates to the childcare element which is subject to a degree of uncertainty.
  3. From HMRC Receipts statistics.

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