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To ask the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster and Minister for the Cabinet Office, pursuant to the Answer of 24 October 2019 to Question 2834 on Cabinet Office: Living Wage, what the evidential basis is for the estimate that 46,000 civil servants earn below the Living Wage Foundation’s living wage or London living wage; and how many of those 46,000 civil servants were based in (a) London and (b) outside London.
Pay for civil servants below the senior civil service is delegated to individual departments to determine. The 46,000 civil servants that earn below the voluntary living wage rates is an estimate using a range of data sources, as not all the required information is held centrally. This includes the 2019 Civil Service Statistics data, estimates from individual departments, and estimates of contracted working hours in each department.
On this basis, as of 31 March 2019 the overall number of civil servants based in London earning below the London Living wage (£10.55) stood at approximately 1,500. The number based outside London and earning below the voluntary living wage outside London (£9.00), stood at approximately 44,000.
Detailed information on the Civil Service Statistics and its data collection can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/civil-service-statistics-2019