To help businesses continue trading with customers and suppliers in the EU after Brexit, HMRC have automatically enrolled VAT-registered businesses that only trade with the EU for a UK EORI number (Economic Operator Registration and Identification).
HMRC do not have the necessary information to register non VAT-registered businesses, but encourage them to follow the simple online application process, which takes less than 10 minutes. Since December 2018, HMRC has issued 171,000 live UK EORI numbers. This includes 88,000 VAT-registered businesses who were auto-enrolled in August 2019.
HMRC cannot break down the number of live UK EORI registrations between VAT and non VAT-registered businesses. Many non VAT-registered businesses may not need a UK EORI number if they only move goods by post, provide services or only move goods between Northern Ireland and Ireland. If they use a parcel company to move goods, they should check with the parcel company whether they will need a UK EORI number.