To ask Her Majesty's Government, further to the Written Answer by the Minister of State for the Middle East on 18 June (HC266244), what assessment they have made of the number of Palestinian children who have been killed or injured as a result of the conflict between Israel and Palestine; and what criteria they use to assess whether the use of self-defence by Israel is legitimate.
While we have not made any assessment on the numbers of Palestinian children killed or injured, we are very concerned by any instance of Palestinian children being killed or injured by Israel Defence Forces in the West Bank and Gaza. We have publicly and privately expressed our longstanding concerns about the use of live ammunition and excessive force by the Israel Defence Forces and encourage independent and transparent investigations when deaths occur. We continue to urge Israel to provide the necessary protections for Palestinian children living in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. We are also clear that Israel has the legitimate right to self-defence, and the right to defend their citizens from attack. In doing so, it is vital that all actions are proportionate, in line with International Humanitarian Law, and are calibrated to avoid civilian casualties.