For example, under the Financial Services Act 2012, the FCA is required to produce annual reports and accounts which are laid before Parliament. It is subject to a full audit by the National Audit Office, which has the ability to launch VFM studies on the FCA. Both the FCA CEO and Chair have regular meetings with the Treasury Select Committee.
HM Treasury has the power to direct the FCA to investigate and report on possible regulatory failure. HM Treasury also makes appointments to the FCA Board (including the CEO and Chair). The Government has also legislated to create a single complaints scheme with an independent Complaints Commissioner responsible for investigating complaints against the financial regulators, including the FCA. FCA rules are subject to judicial review and the Upper Tribunal can also review the merits of certain firm specific decisions.
The Government believes that the existing accountability mechanisms are appropriate.