Responsibility for local authority spending and borrowing decisions lies with locally-elected council Members, who are democratically accountable to their electorates. Local authorities are required to have regard to the Prudential Code and statutory guidance when they borrow from the PWLB
or from any other lender, these are published by The Chartered Institute of Public Finance
and Accountancy and the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
and form the Prudential Framework. The main objective of the Prudential Framework is to ensure that the capital investment plans of local authorities are affordable, prudent and sustainable. Before it can advance a loan to a local authority, the Public Works Loan Board
requires formal assurance from the authority that the loan is within their borrowing powers and the relevant legislation.