Waste activities are regulated and require permits to operate which the Environment Agency issues and enforces. Some waste activities that are low risk do not require permits and are regulated by the Environment Agency under waste exemptions, which an operator registers for free online. A U2 exemption allows an operator to use a small number of end-of-life tyre bales in construction projects without the need for a permit and is not related to exports.
The Environment Agency takes a risk based approach to enforcement and will investigate a site where it receives intelligence that indicates illegal activity. It has no evidence to suggest tyre bales stored on a U2 registered site ready for use in a construction project are being diverted for export.