The current Sex and Relationship Education guidance, published in 2000, and the draft guidance for the new subjects of relationships education, relationships and sex education, and health education include teaching about sexual and reproductive health and wellbeing. The new guidance, which will be mandatory from September 2020, also covers how different sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are transmitted and key facts about prevention and treatment. Teachers are free to use teaching in this area of the curriculum as an opportunity to inform pupils about the human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination.
Schools may also teach about cancer awareness, including HPV, in other areas of the curriculum. For example, the secondary science national curriculum and GCSEs include content about STIs and non-communicable diseases, such as cancer.