Employment Tribunals Service: Appeals

Ministry of Justice written question – answered on 22nd November 2018.

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Photo of Colleen Fletcher Colleen Fletcher Opposition Whip (Commons)

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, what proportion of appeals to the tribunals service in (a) Coventry, (b) the West Midlands and (c) England which related to (i) personal independence payments, (ii) employment and support allowance, (iii) income support, (iv) jobseeker's allowance and (v) tax credits, (vi) universal credit were successful in the most recent period for which figures are available.

Photo of Lucy Frazer Lucy Frazer The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice

Information about the volumes and outcomes of appeals - including (i) Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and (ii) Employment Support Allowance (ESA) - to the First-tier Tribunal (Social Security and Child Support) (SSCS) is published at:


Since PIP was introduced 3.5m decisions have been made up to June 2018, of these 9% have been appealed and 4% have been overturned.

Between April 2014 – March 2018, 3.5m ESA (post Work Capability Assessment) decisions have been made, of these 8% have been appealed and 4% have been overturned.

SSCS appeals are listed into the hearing venue nearest to the appellant’s home address. The published csv files (which can be viewed at the link above) provide information about the outcomes of PIP and ESA appeals for hearing venues covering (a) Coventry, (b) the West Midlands and (c) England for the period April to June 2018, the latest period for which data are available.

The table below contains the requested information for (iii) Income Support (IS), (iv) Job Seekers Allowance (JSA), (v) Tax Credits and (vi) Universal Credit (UC):

Proportion1 of appeals decided in favour of the appellant for the period April to June 2018 (the latest period for which data are available)



Tax Credits2







West Midlands3










  1. Proportion based on the number of cases found in favour of the appellant at a tribunal hearing, as a percentage of the cases heard at a tribunal hearing
  2. Includes Working Family Tax Credit, Child Tax Credit, and Working Tax Credit.
  3. West Midlands includes the venues: Birmingham, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Coventry, Nuneaton, Stoke, Telford, Hereford and Worcester.
  4. Excludes SSCS Scotland Region and Wales Region.

~ Equates to value lower than 5

Although care is taken when processing and analysing the data, the details are subject to inaccuracies inherent in any large- scale case management system and are the best data that are available.

These data may differ slightly from that of the published statistics as these data were run on a different date.

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