Low Pay

Treasury written question – answered on 26th June 2018.

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Photo of Baroness Altmann Baroness Altmann Conservative

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many employees, excluding self-employed persons, in the UK, that are (1) male, and (2) female, earn less than the personal tax threshold.

Photo of Lord Bates Lord Bates The Minister of State, Department for International Development

Estimates of the number of individuals with total employee earnings less than the Income Tax Personal Allowance across all of their jobs are shown in the table below. The table relates to the 2016-17 tax year when the Personal Allowance was £11,000.

The figures are for people employed and taxed through Pay As You Earn (PAYE) Income Tax. Individuals included in the table may have had more than one job in the year, and their total earnt income from all PAYE employment was below the Personal Allowance.

Individuals with total employee earnings less than the Income Tax Personal Allowance from all jobs, 2016-17 tax year (millions)








Based on Pay As You Earn data. The earnings definition used is the same as used in the publication, UK Real Time Information, Experimental Statistics. See:


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