To ask the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government, what the value was of Section 106 and Community Infrastructure Levy planning obligations agreed to in each year since 2010-11; and what proportion of that value was attributed to (a) direct payments, (b) affordable housing and (c) other types of contributions.
The Government does not hold data for every year since 2010-11. In March this year we published a study on “The Incidence, Value and Delivery of Planning Obligations and Community Infrastructure Levy in England 2016-17”. This found that last year Section 106 planning obligations with an estimated value of £5.1 billion had been agreed, including an estimated £4 billion in affordable housing contributions, and that the value of Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) levied by local authorities was £0.9 billion.
Of the £4 billion agreed through Section 106 affordable housing contributions, it is estimated that £75 million was agreed to be delivered through commuted sums towards off-site provision, and the remainder through on-site provision. For other Section 106 planning obligations excluding land contribution, it is estimated that obligations to the value of £613.1 million were agreed in direct contributions, and £72.1 million in payment in-kind contributions.
Local authorities received £286 million in CIL revenue during 2016/17, £135 million was received in 2015/16, £49 million in 2014/15, £10 million in in 2013/14, £1 million in 2012/13 and £15,000 in 2011/12. There were no CIL charging authorities in 2010/11. In addition, The Mayor of London’s CIL, which is charged to help fund Crossrail, raised £137 million in 2016/17, £119 million in 2015/16, £73 million in 2014/15, £47 million in 2013/14 and £6 million in 2012/13.