As operations in Iraq and Syria have intensified we are seeing increasing evidence of Daesh's callous disregard for human life, their unwillingness to allow civilians to leave their homes and in some cases their deliberate attempts to use civilians to shield fighters from coalition strikes. This is why we must accept the risk of inadvertent civilian casualties. Rigorous coalition targeting processes take into account the conditions on the ground, including the potential presence of a civilian population. Reports of civilian casualties are and will continue to be taken very seriously. The Coalition investigates all credible claims and the results of any investigation are published.