Youth Custody: Restraint Techniques

Ministry of Justice written question – answered on 19th September 2017.

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Photo of Luciana Berger Luciana Berger Labour/Co-operative, Liverpool, Wavertree

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice, how many injuries were sustained by children during restraint in each custodial institution in each year since 2010.

Photo of Phillip Lee Phillip Lee The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice

The safety and welfare of young people held in custody is our highest priority. Restraint should only be used as a last resort, where there is a risk of harm to self or others, and no other form of intervention is possible or appropriate.

Minimising and Managing Physical Restraint (MMPR) has been specifically developed for use by staff working with children and young people in custody. It has been designed so that physical restraint is avoided as far as possible by recognising young people’s behaviour, and by using a range of de-escalation, diversion and behaviour management techniques to help them deal with it effectively and appropriately.

MMPR has been implemented, on a roll-out basis since September 2012, in all Secure Training Centres (STCs) and Young Offender Institutions (YOIs). There are no plans to roll this out to Secure Children’s Homes (SCHs), who each have their own restraint procedures.

The three tables below provide data, by establishment type, relating to any injury sustained as a result of a Restrictive Physical Intervention (RPI) for each establishment. RPI is defined as “Any occasion when force is used with the intention of overpowering or to overpower a young person”. Overpower is defined as “restricting movement or mobility.

2010/11

2011/12

2012/13

2013/14

2014/15

2015/16

Secure Children's Home Total

204

169

158

156

123

123

Aldine House

2

1

2

14

3

0

Atkinson Unit*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Aycliffe

42

36

51

24

15

14

Barton Moss

0

0

0

1

3

25

Clayfields

2

16

11

29

32

16

East Moor (Adel Beck)

102

15

35

30

27

28

Gladstone Unit*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Hillside

6

29

9

12

3

5

Kyloe House*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Lincolnshire

6

16

14

6

17

19

Orchard Lodge*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Redbank*

20

29

14

12

0

..

Sutton Place*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Swanwick Lodge

7

15

11

20

5

6

Vinney Green

17

12

11

8

18

10

Secure Training Centre Total

397

336

243

247

136

148

Hassockfield*

188

140

78

82

28

..

Medway

101

78

96

54

24

30

Oakhill

40

31

23

34

34

58

Rainsbrook

68

87

46

77

50

60

Young Offender Institution Total

566

685

590

309

170

106

Ashfield*

48

84

53

1

..

..

Brinsford*

..

..

..

..

..

..

Castington*

2

..

..

..

..

..

Castington (Oswald Unit)*

0

..

..

..

..

..

Cookham Wood

56

61

28

22

85

26

Downview*

0

3

6

0

..

..

Eastwood Park*

1

1

0

0

..

..

Feltham

56

50

19

9

11

11

Feltham (Heron Unit)*

2

6

1

0

..

..

Foston Hall*

0

..

..

..

..

..

Hindley*

139

164

131

121

24

..

Huntercombe*

5

..

..

..

..

..

Lancaster Farms*

..

..

..

..

..

..

New Hall*

1

0

1

0

..

..

Parc

49

79

36

24

16

35

Stoke Heath*

23

0

..

..

..

..

Thorn Cross*

Warren Hill*

48

52

71

2

..

..

Warren Hill (Carlford Unit)*

0

1

1

0

..

..

Werrington

52

85

53

23

10

13

Wetherby - Keppel Unit

17

17

23

14

2

4

Wetherby

67

82

167

93

22

17

Please note:

* = The YJB withdrew from this establishment at some point during the time period given.

.. = Not applicable

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