UK taxpayers support the agricultural sector in variety of ways: through the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), spending on agricultural research and development, including the Agri-tech Strategy, and indirectly through wider programmes such as on skills development. The benefit of each pound spent on the Agri-tech Strategy was estimated to be £9 (BIS Evaluation Plan 2016). The estimated benefit, on average, for funds spent in England under Pillar 2 of the CAP is over £3 per pound spent according to the Rural Development Plan for England Impact Assessment 2015, but less than £1 per pound spent for Pillar 1 according to a report on implementation of CAP in England in 2013. As a result of the UK’s decision to leave the European Union there is a real opportunity to improve returns to taxpayer support for agriculture.
 BIS Evaluation Plan 2016
 The Rural Development Programme for England, 2014 to 2020: Final Impact Assessment (2015)
 Implementation of CAP reform in England 2013