Patents

Department for Business, Innovation and Skills written question – answered on 28th October 2015.

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Photo of Kevin Brennan Kevin Brennan Shadow Minister (Business, Innovation and Skills)

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, what comparative assessment he has made of the level of patents granted in the UK with other (a) EU, (b) OECD and (c) developed economies in each of the last three years for which data is available; and if he will make a statement.

Photo of Ed Vaizey Ed Vaizey Minister of State for Culture and the Digital Economy (Jointly with Department for Business, Innovation and Skills), Minister of State for Culture and the Digital Economy (Jointly with Department for Culture Media and Sport)

Figures for patents applied for and granted in different jurisdictions can be obtained from the website of the World Intellectual Property Organisation (www.wipo.int), which collates the figures from intellectual property offices around the world.

The table shows the number of patents granted by national offices and by the European Patent Office (EPO) as recorded by WIPO, for both resident and non-resident applicants.

Many applicants choose to apply for patent protection in the UK and other European states via the EPO. However these are not recorded as grants for the individual countries in the table. According to the EPO around 75% of granted EPs take effect in the UK.

The number of granted patents in any one jurisdiction is dependent on many factors including applicants’ business models, local market structure, and the legal requirements of the jurisdiction, since patent law varies. It also reflects the capacity of patent offices to process applications.

Office

2011

2012

2013

Australia

17877

17724

17112

Austria

1198

1439

1256

Belgium

541

795

745

Bulgaria

128

101

125

Canada

20762

21819

23833

Chile

1013

770

898

Croatia

184

155

159

Cyprus

1

5

1

Czech Republic

687

668

611

Denmark

110

190

309

Estonia

129

116

78

European Patent Office

62112

65665

66696

Finland

841

836

711

France

10213

12913

11405

Germany

11719

11332

13858

Greece

364

291

282

Hungary

445

477

1351

Iceland

67

47

43

Ireland

250

190

214

Israel

5104

3386

1988

Italy

6380

5625

8114

Japan

238323

274791

277079

Luxembourg

65

112

Malta

1

11

15

Mexico

11485

12358

10368

Netherlands

2042

1895

2029

New Zealand

4710

6152

4752

Norway

1612

1310

1430

Poland

3112

2484

2804

Portugal

145

112

130

Republic of Korea

94720

113467

127330

Romania

430

384

451

Singapore

5949

5633

5575

Slovakia

317

161

115

Slovenia

318

Spain

2812

2720

3004

Sweden

1039

999

685

Switzerland

368

455

534

Turkey

893

1004

1211

United Kingdom

7173

6864

5235

United States of America

224505

253155

277835

Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated: March 2015

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