Renewable Energy: Employment

Department for Energy and Climate Change written question – answered on 2nd July 2015.

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Photo of Harry Harpham Harry Harpham Labour, Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough

To ask the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, pursuant to the Answer of 1 June 2015 to Question 596, how many UK supply chain (a) jobs and (b) apprenticeships were created by each type of renewable energy for each year since 2010.

Photo of Andrea Leadsom Andrea Leadsom The Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change

Figures published by BIS in The Size and Performance of the UK Low Carbon Economy (March 2015)1 report show that in 2013 the renewable energy sector (including both renewable heat and renewable electricity) supported around 168,400 jobs in total.

Table 1 details the number of jobs supported by each type of renewable energy, both directly and within the supply chain each year for 2010-2013. The equivalent information is not available for 2014 or 2015 or for the number of apprenticeships that have been created.

Table 1: Number of jobs supported by the renewable energy sector by energy type, in the UK

2010

2011

Direct

Supply chain/

Indirect

Total

Direct

Supply chain/

Indirect

Total

Offshore wind

6,300

4,600

10,900

6,700

4,900

11,600

Solar PV

11,500

8,000

19,500

17,000

11,800

28,800

Hydroelectric energy

3,900

2,900

6,800

4,200

3,100

7,300

Onshore wind

8,200

6,000

14,300

10,300

7,500

17,800

Biomass and bioenergy1

16,600

12,200

28,800

16,900

12,400

29,400

Marine

1,700

1,300

3,000

1,800

1,300

3,100

Geothermal electricity

400

300

700

400

300

700

Total renewable electricity

48,700

35,200

83,900

57,300

41,300

98,600

Total renewable heat

31,400

22,100

53,500

32,200

22,600

54,900

Total renewable energy

80,100

57,300

137,400

89,600

64,000

153,500

2012

2013

Direct

Supply chain/ Indirect

Total

Direct

Supply chain/

Indirect

Total

Offshore wind

7,200

5,300

12,400

7,900

5,800

13,700

Solar PV

21,000

14,600

35,600

20,300

14,100

34,400

Hydroelectric energy

4,100

3,000

7,100

4,300

3,100

7,400

Onshore wind

10,600

7,800

18,400

11,000

8,000

19,000

Biomass and bioenergy [1]

17,400

12,800

30,200

18,300

13,400

31,700

Marine

1,800

1,300

3,000

1,800

1,300

3,100

Geothermal electricity

500

300

800

500

400

900

Total renewable electricity

62,600

45,000

107,600

64,100

46,200

110,300

Total renewable heat

33,200

23,300

56,500

34,100

24,000

58,100

Total renewable energy

95,700

68,300

164,100

98,200

70,100

168,400

[1] Biomass and bioenergy include the following sectors: energy generation from waste and biomass, biomass equipment, alternative fuels. Alternative fuels category includes jobs supported by both renewable and non-renewable energy sectors.

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