Free Movement of People

House of Lords written question – answered on 9th December 2014.

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Photo of Lord Laird Lord Laird Non-affiliated

To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many British citizens are resident in each European Union country; and how many citizens of each of those countries have immigrated to the United Kingdom.

Photo of Lord Wallace of Saltaire Lord Wallace of Saltaire Lords Spokesperson (Cabinet Office), Lord in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the Authority to reply.

Letter from Glen Watson, Director General for ONS to Lord Laird, dated December 2014

As Director General for the Office for National Statistics (ONS), I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking Her Majesty’s Government how many British citizens are resident in each European Union country; and how many citizens of each of those countries have immigrated to the United Kingdom. [HL3428]

ONS does not collect information regarding British citizens resident in other EU countries. However, Eurostat publishes figures on population by citizenship for EU countries, which are available at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/population/data/database

Table 1 shows population estimates of UK citizens for each EU country based on its 2011 Census results. These are not ONS estimates.

ONS collects data on country of birth and nationality from the Annual Population Survey (APS). The APS is the Labour Force Survey (LFS) plus various sample boosts. It is a household survey and so does not include people living in most types of communal establishment.

Table 2 shows estimates of the number of EU nationals resident in the UK, for the latest period for which data is available which is January to December 2013. Estimates are shown in the table alongside their margin of error. This refers to the 95 per cent confidence interval and is a measure of the uncertainty associated with making inferences from a sample survey.

2014 estimates will be published in August 2015.

Table 1: Estimated population of UK citizens resident in each EU country, Census 2011.
Country Estimate
Austria 8,431
Belgium 24,975
Bulgaria 2,605
Croatia 334
Cyprus 24,046
Czech Republic 5,182
Denmark 14,700
Estonia 310
Finland 3,454
France 157,062
Germany 96,200
Greece 15,388
Hungary 2,602
Italy 22,673
Latvia 243
Lithuania N/a
Luxembourg 5,480
Malta 6,652
Netherlands N/a
Poland 2,058
Portugal 15,774
Republic of Ireland 112,090
Romania N/a
Slovakia 605
Slovenia 386
Spain 308,805
Sweden 18,119

Note

: These are not ONS estimates.

Estimates are based on the census results for each country, reference dates vary between countries, ranging from 31/12/2010 (Finland) to 31/12/2011 (Sweden).

Source

: https://ec.europa.eu/CensusHub2/

Table 2: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom by nationality, January 2013 to December 2013
Figures in thousands
Country Estimate +/- CI
Austria 15 5
Belgium 16 6
Bulgaria 49 10
Croatia 5 3
Cyprus 34 8
Czech Republic 42 9
Denmark 22 6
Estonia 6 3
Finland 10 4
France 147 17
Germany 126 15
Greece 41 9
Hungary 72 12
Italy 133 16
Latvia 88 13
Lithuania 156 17
Luxembourg 2 2
Malta 8 4
Netherlands 66 11
Poland 726 37
Portugal 136 16
Republic of Ireland 329 25
Romania 128 16
Slovakia 55 10
Slovenia 4 3
Spain 90 13
Sweden 35 8

Source

: Annual Population Survey (APS), ONS

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/taxonomy/index.html?nscl=Population+by+Nationality+and+Country+of+Birth#tab-data-tables

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