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There are 40 state funded schools providing boarding. Of these, 27 are academies, two are free schools, eight are maintained schools and three are FE colleges. There are approximately 5,000 state boarding places across these schools, academies and colleges.
Where a school is an independent school that becomes an academy and there are children from non-European Economic Area countries already on-roll at that independent school we allow those pupils to continue their education at the same school after it has changed status to become an academy. These students are required to pay full-fees covering education and boarding.
State-funded boarding schools cannot charge for education but charge full cost for boarding provision.
Admission to state-funded boarding schools and academies is limited to children who are nationals of the UK and are eligible to hold a full UK passport, or those who are nationals of other European Economic Area countries or those who have the right of residence in the UK. Pupils that board will include British children and children from other European Economic Area countries who live anywhere overseas.
In addition to the 40 state-funded schools and academies, providing boarding for mainstream pupils, where parents/carers pay fees, there are also special schools and academies that provide residential provision. There are 91 maintained special schools with residential provision and 15 academy special schools with residential provision. These schools are state funded and pupils do not pay fees.
Data on the pupils enrolled at all maintained schools, academies (including free schools, studio schools and university technical colleges) and non‑maintained special schools, is collected via the school census. The school census captures a wide range of information including pupil headcount, special educational needs, eligibility for free school meals, first language, ethnicity and whether a pupil is a boarder. However, the school census does not collect data on pupil nationality.