Asylum: Deportation

Home Department written question – answered on 12th September 2014.

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Photo of David Davies David Davies Chair, Welsh Affairs Committee, Chair, Welsh Affairs Committee

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department how many asylum seekers have been deported to other European countries in each of the last four years.

Photo of James Brokenshire James Brokenshire Minister of State (Home Office) (Security and Immigration)

The table below provides the total number of enforced removals of asylum cases to other European countries, in each year from 2010-13.

Enforced removals of asylum cases to Europe, 2010-131, 2, 3, 4
  Total asylum enforced removals
2010 1,583
2011 1,276
2012 1,068
2013p 1,188
1 Destination as recorded on source database; all nationals returned to Europe. 2 Removals are recorded on the system as at the dates on which the data extracts were taken. 3 Recorded on the system as having claimed asylum at some point. 4 Europe consists of: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Cyprus (northern part of), Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Faroe Islands, Finland, Former Yugoslavia, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kosovo, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vatican City.

Deportations are a specific subset of removals which are enforced either following a criminal conviction or when it is judged that a person’s removal from the UK is conducive to the public good. The deportation order prohibits the person returning to the UK until such time as it may be revoked. It is not possible to separately identify deportations from enforced removals.

It is not possible within these figures to say at what stage in the asylum process individuals have reached at the time of their removal, including whether their claim has failed at that point, as those departing voluntarily can do so at any stage without necessarily notifying the Home Office.

The Home Office publishes quarterly and annual statistics on the number of persons removed or departed voluntarily from the UK and on persons refused entry to the United Kingdom within Immigration Statistics. The data on removals and voluntary departures by type are available in the latest release, Immigration Statistics: April – June 2013, tables rv.06 and rv.06.q from on the statistics webpages at: and will be placed in the Library of the House.

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