Estimating the number of fuel poor households helped through the Energy Company Obligation (ECO) would require us to know the equivalised household income and modelled energy bill of every household receiving support through the scheme.
However, we anticipate a large number of fuel poor households have been assisted under ECO. This is because there is a strong correlation between the characteristics of fuel poor households and the eligibility criteria for help under ECO Affordable Warmth and the Carbon Saving Communities Obligation. Further, the policy’s design provides incentives for support to be delivered to those facing the highest energy bills: when such households are on low incomes, there is a high chance they will be fuel poor.
We publish regular data on the number of households support by ECO, under each part of the scheme, as well as the number and type of measures delivered. We also publish data on the costs of measures under ECO. All of this data is available at:
The Department will be publishing a final assessment of the impact of the ECO policy to accompany the forthcoming response to the Government’s consultation on “The Future of the Energy Company Obligation”.