Prisoners: Muslims

Justice written question – answered on 26th March 2014.

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Photo of Sadiq Khan Sadiq Khan Shadow Minister (London), Shadow Lord Chancellor and Shadow Secretary of State for Justice

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice how many and what proportion of prisoners in each adult and youth prison in England and Wales identified as Muslim on 1 January of each of the last five years.

Photo of Jeremy Wright Jeremy Wright The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Justice

Data are held centrally on the prison population on the last day of each month, so figures have been provided for 31 December. Table 1 provides the number and proportion of Muslim prisoners in each prison establishment from 2009 to 2013.

Table 2 shows the number and proportion of young people held within each Secure Children's Home and Secure Training Centre, who identify themselves as Muslim. This is self-reported by the young person. The YJB changed its booking system for placing young people into custody during March 2012 from SACHS to eAsset. It is only from this point onwards that information on the religion of the young person in custody was collected. Consequently, data are only available from April 2012 and data by religion are not available for the previous years.

Please note that the religion of prisoners is self-declared and prisoners are under no obligation to declare their religion.

These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

Table 1: Muslim prison population by establishment, December 2009-131, England and Wales
  2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
  Muslim % of total prison population Muslim % of total prison population Muslim % of total prison population Muslim % of total prison population Muslim % of total prison population
Altcourse 50 4 53 5 46 4 26 2 34 3
Ashfield 22 9 61 20 84 25 39 23 32 8
Ashwell2 20 10 22 10 - - - - - -
Askham Grange 5 4 5 4 5 4 5 5 10 10
Aylesbury 122 28 86 21 107 25 117 29 107 25
Bedford 72 15 56 13 79 17 64 14 80 17
Belmarsh 133 15 150 19 163 18 210 26 234 29
Birmingham 226 16 249 18 214 15 275 19 281 21
Blantyre House 16 13 15 12 18 15 14 12 14 12
Blundeston3 110 21 84 19 61 14 60 12 - -
Brinsford 85 16 91 19 83 16 100 20 111 22
Bristol 23 4 27 5 47 8 52 9 56 9
Brixton 171 23 186 27 156 25 154 26 180 24
Bronzefield 25 5 31 7 23 5 24 5 26 5
Buckley Hall 53 14 63 17 69 16 38 9 57 13
Bullingdon 125 11 136 13 142 13 146 14 173 16
Bullwood Hall4 51 23 59 26 78 33 53 26 - -
Bure 13 11 41 8 47 9 55 11 54 9
Canterbury5 82 26 75 26 82 27 71 24 - -
Cardiff 89 11 68 8 55 7 52 7 82 10
Channings Wood 32 4 32 5 33 4 31 4 39 5
Chelmsford 107 16 109 16 77 12 44 7 67 11
Coldingley 86 17 85 17 95 19 88 18 80 16
Cookham Wood 16 15 29 28 31 26 22 25 27 25
Dartmoor 42 7 33 7 44 7 33 5 24 4
Deerbolt 36 7 36 8 40 9 19 6 57 11
Doncaster 109 10 103 10 132 12 108 10 114 10
Dorchester6 11 5 13 6 19 8 18 8 - -
Dovegate 139 13 89 8 92 8 94 9 111 11
Downview7 26 8 20 7 26 9 25 8 - -
Drake Hall 11 4 13 5 20 7 18 6 23 8
Durham 25 3 20 2 24 3 20 2 26 3
East Sutton Park 5 6 6 7 9 10 10 11 6 7
Eastwood Park 11 4 13 5 6 2 4 1 7 2
Edmunds Hill8 71 19 62 17 - - - - - -
Elmley (Sheppey cluster) 74 8 112 9 79 7 98 9 126 10
Erlestoke 36 8 37 10 32 7 47 10 40 8
Everthorpe 49 7 58 9 52 8 55 9 64 9
Exeter 11 2 20 4 5 1 15 3 20 4
Featherstone 84 13 105 16 116 17 95 14 111 16
Feltham 193 30 208 33 226 33 228 35 183 33
Ford 68 13 72 14 64 12 68 14 58 12
Forest Bank 144 12 131 10 123 9 110 9 165 13
Foston Hall 14 6 12 5 20 7 25 9 15 5
Frankland 87 11 105 13 103 13 104 13 97 12
Full Sutton 126 21 130 22 138 23 139 23 132 22
Garth 88 11 80 10 94 11 85 10 89 12
Gartree 99 14 98 14 98 14 104 15 117 17
Glen Parva 73 9 60 8 85 12 82 13 115 15
Gloucester9 14 5 17 6 17 6 18 6 - -
Grendon/Spring Hill 63 12 61 12 75 14 79 14 83 15
Guys Marsh 57 10 47 10 60 12 76 14 67 12
Haverigg 52 8 61 10 41 7 58 9 55 9
Hewell 137 10 101 8 112 9 103 10 108 9
High Down 134 12 148 14 155 15 152 15 144 14
Highpoint (North and South) 168 18 167 18 308 23 287 23 305 23
Hindley 18 6 21 7 27 9 14 8 23 10
Hollesley Bay 46 13 41 12 57 16 70 17 53 12
Holloway 30 7 24 5 42 8 42 8 33 6
Holme House 33 4 31 3 45 4 31 3 35 3
Hull 44 4 34 4 32 3 25 3 39 5
Huntercombe 42 20 27 14 66 16 102 25 109 26
Isis10 - - 66 33 221 37 190 38 209 34
Isle of Wight 185 11 139 8 178 11 154 10 97 9
Kennet 12 4 6 2 3 1 3 1 20 6
Kingston11 19 10 22 11 20 10 26 13 - -
Kirkham 60 10 49 8 60 10 74 12 88 15
Kirklevington Grange 39 14 35 13 37 14 32 12 28 10
Lancaster12 14 6 16 7 - - - - - -
Lancaster Farms 36 7 20 4 54 11 41 8 41 9
Latchmere House13 44 23 50 26 - - - - - -
Leeds 149 13 121 12 156 15 174 16 151 13
Leicester 43 12 39 12 38 11 27 9 37 10
Lewes 47 7 28 6 33 5 38 6 53 8
Leyhill 51 10 58 12 54 11 46 9 44 9
Lincoln 30 4 25 5 55 8 36 6 46 7
Lindholme 207 19 224 21 216 22 165 18 174 17
Littlehey 87 12 168 14 179 16 167 16 174 16
Liverpool 105 8 52 5 55 4 44 4 48 4
Long Lartin 162 26 158 26 174 28 154 25 135 22
Low Newton 3 1 3 1 8 3 7 3 5 2
Lowdham Grange 143 21 194 21 190 20 207 23 209 24
Maidstone 73 12 77 13 54 9 51 9 143 24
Manchester 149 12 148 13 146 13 142 13 151 13
Moorland/Hatfield 133 13 88 13 121 12 182 16 189 15
Morton Hall14 38 10 29 11 - - - - - -
Mount 224 29 202 26 198 26 193 25 207 27
New Hall 18 5 15 4 19 5 13 4 10 3
North Sea Camp 22 7 35 11 44 12 48 12 37 9
Northallerton15 11 4 12 7 15 7 15 7 - -
Northumberland16 39 3 25 2 36 3 35 3 41 3
Norwich 61 8 62 9 50 7 53 8 60 8
Nottingham 57 10 59 6 80 8 82 9 83 8
Oakwood17 - - - - - - 179 15 226 14
Onley 85 12 115 17 119 17 149 22 139 21
Parc 64 5 86 7 112 8 119 8 147 11
Pentonville 263 22 279 24 290 23 324 27 357 28
Peterborough18 64 7 68 8 79 8 52 7 67 8
Portland 110 20 74 17 68 14 59 13 66 11
Preston 62 8 65 9 55 8 43 6 57 8
Ranby 143 13 173 16 153 14 135 13 151 14
Reading19 21 8 22 10 24 10 29 14 - -
Risley 105 10 113 10 96 9 103 10 110 10
Rochester 180 25 157 26 109 20 107 17 112 15
Rye Hill 144 22 126 21 141 23 126 20 145 23
Send 18 7 18 7 15 6 19 7 23 8
Shepton Mallet20 8 4 11 6 13 7 16 9 - -
Shrewsbury21 19 7 15 5 23 7 22 7 - -
Stafford 76 10 95 13 84 11 55 8 70 10
Standford Hill (Sheppey cluster) 58 13 75 17 66 15 73 16 72 16
Stocken 82 10 86 10 102 10 85 11 103 12
Stoke Heath 54 10 59 12 72 11 61 10 61 10
Styal 12 3 14 3 14 3 12 3 20 5
Sudbury 74 13 94 17 107 19 123 21 95 16
Swaleside (Sheppey cluster) 202 25 285 26 299 27 304 28 312 28
Swansea 14 4 8 2 11 3 10 2 9 2
Swinfen Hall 101 16 115 18 115 18 96 16 94 16
Thameside22 - - - - - - 184 23 216 25
Thorn Cross 33 12 36 13 36 12 27 10 43 13
Usk/Prescoed 15 4 19 4 37 8 35 7 30 6
Verne23 83 14 85 14 87 15 83 15 - -
Wakefield 82 11 75 10 76 10 84 11 85 11
Wandsworth 364 22 325 21 313 21 210 19 291 19
Warren Hill 17 9 17 15 18 16 23 19 9 26
Wayland 141 15 177 18 169 17 138 14 155 16
Wealstun 68 13 110 14 109 14 97 13 130 16
Wellingborough24 115 18 119 24 152 26 - - - -
Werrington 13 10 15 15 25 18 21 18 31 31
Wetherby 20 6 26 8 33 11 27 11 18 8
Whatton 63 8 48 6 56 7 47 6 52 6
Whitemoor 165 37 162 36 177 39 184 41 190 42
Winchester 39 6 33 5 32 5 51 8 50 8
Wolds 45 11 38 10 42 12 37 11 36 10
Woodhill 95 12 98 13 111 15 122 16 111 14
Wormwood Scrubs 277 21 290 24 258 21 287 25 340 27
Wymott 82 7 79 7 90 8 84 7 82 7
Dover IRC 134 44 127 45 111 48 95 49 158 63
Haslar IRC 40 33 39 33 43 46 64 48 86 54
Morton Hall IRC14 - - - - 146 46 178 50 202 58
All 10,315 12 10,525 13 11,261 13 11,179 13 11,729 14
1 Data for 2009 as at 18 December whereas data for 2010-13 as at 31 December. 2 HMP Ashwell closed March 2011. 3 HMP Blundeston closed December 2013. 4 HMP Bullwood Hall closed March 2013. 5 HMP Canterbury closed March 2013. 6 HMP Dorchester closed December 2013. 7 HMP Downview closed late 2013. 8 HMP Edmunds Hill merged with HMP Highpoint to become HMP Highpoint North and South. 9 HMP Gloucester closed March 2013. 10 HMP and YOI Isis, which opened on 28 July 2010, is sited within the perimeter wall of HMP Belmarsh. 11 HMP Kingston closed March 2013. 12 HMP Lancaster closed March 2011. 13 HMP Latchmere House closed September 2011. 14 In early 2011 HMP Morton Hall closed (having previously been a female prison) and then re-opened as an Immigration Removal Centre, holding immigration detainees on behalf of UKBA. On 16 May, Morton Hall began operating as an Immigration Removal Centre. 15 HMP Northallerton closed in late 2013. 16 HMP Northumberland is the new name for Acklington and Castington. 17 HMP Oakwood opened in April 2012, and came into full operation by spring 2013. 18 Peterborough is a dual purpose prison for men and women. 19 HMP Reading closed in late 2013. 20 HMP Shepton Mallet closed March 2013. 21 HMP Shrewsbury closed March 2013. 22 HMP Thameside opened March 2012. 23 HMP Verne closed in late 2013. 24 HMP Wellingborough closed December 2012. Data Sources and Quality: These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large-scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.
Table 2: Number of young people and proportion of young people in custody who identify themselves as Muslim (where known) in each SCH and STC
    December 2012 December 2013
Sector Establishment Total occupancy Occupancy by identity of Muslim Proportion of young people identified as Muslim (%) Total occupancy Muslim Occupancy Proportion of young people identified as Muslim (%)
Secure Children's Homes Aldine House 3 0 0 5 1 20
  Aycliffe 23 0 0 16 0 0
  Barton Moss 15 1 7 16 0 0
  Clayfields 13 1 8 12 0 0
  East Moor 17 2 12 25 1 4
  Hillside 15 0 0 8 0 0
  Lincolnshire 9 0 0 8 0 0
  Red Bank 12 0 0 19 0 0
  Swanwick 12 2 17 10 1 10
  Vinney Green 20 2 10 18 2 11
All SCH   139 8 6 137 5 4
               
Secure Training Centres Hassockfield 30 0 0 48 0 0
  Medway 62 6 10 65 6 9
  Oakhill 64 16 25 73 8 11
  Rainsbrook 63 4 6 81 7 9
All STC   219 26 12 267 21 8
               
Total   358 34 9 404 26 6
Notes: 1. The YJB changed its booking system for placing young people into custody during March 2012 from SACHS to eAsset. It is only from this point onwards that information on the religion of the young person in custody was collected. Consequently, data are only available from April 2012 and data by religion are not available for the previous years. 2. The table shows the number of young people held within each Secure Children's Home and Secure Training Centre, who identify themselves as Muslim and the total occupancy to show the proportion of Muslim young people in each establishment. This is self-reported by the young person. This information is not compulsory to be completed by the young person and ‘unknown' is an acceptable category, so there are not complete data for this question. In December 2012, the religion of the young person was not known for 52% of the entire youth custody population in SCHs and STCs and in December 2013, the religion of the young person was not known for 58% of the entire youth population in SCHs and STCs 3. These data are sourced from the eAsset database, the booking system used by the Youth Justice Board to place young people in custody. It is based on the snapshots for December 2012 and December 2013, which are a snapshot date of 28 December 2012 and 3 January 2014 respectively. The data for December 2013 are provisional and will be finalised in January 2015. Data Sources and Quality: These figures have been drawn from administrative IT systems which, as with any large scale recording system, are subject to possible errors with data entry and processing.

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