Arms Trade: Egypt

Business, Innovation and Skills written question – answered on 9th September 2013.

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Photo of Roger Godsiff Roger Godsiff Labour, Birmingham, Hall Green

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills how many of the UK's arms export licences to Egypt have been revoked, suspended or reviewed since 3 July 2013; how many such licences still stand; and if he will provide a list of all military equipment sold to Egypt under a UK arms export licence since 13 February 2011, by (a) type of equipment and (b) the Egyptian body receiving it.

Photo of Michael Fallon Michael Fallon The Minister of State, Department for Business, Innovation and Skills , Minister of State, Department of Energy and Climate Change

The Government has reviewed all extant military rated licences for Egypt, in the light of events in that country, and of the agreement by EU Foreign Affairs Council (FAC) on 21 August 2013 to suspend export licensing to Egypt for equipment which might be used for internal repression and to reassess export licences for equipment covered by Common Position 2008/944/CFSP. The focus of these reviews has been on licences for the Egyptian Army, Air Force and Internal Security Forces or Ministry of the Interior.

Five standard individual export licences have been revoked and following the decision of the EU FAC a further 48 licences have been suspended until further notice. Suspended licences are being reviewed for possible revocation.

179 military rated licences remain extant:

31 standard individual export licences (SIELs) where Egypt is an immediate end user;

110 further SIELs where Egypt is listed as a 3rd party, either as a potential or ultimate end user after the goods have been incorporated into a larger item and sent to Egypt; two standard individual trade control licences (SITCL);

21 open individual export control licences (OIELs); and

15 open individual trade control licences (OITCLs).

In addition four open general export licences (OGELs) have been republished with the exclusion of Egypt and they are as follows:

open general export licence (export after repair/replacement under warranty: military goods); open general export licence (export for repair/replacement under warranty: military goods); open general export licence (export after repair/replacement under warranty: dual-use items); and open general export licence (export for repair/replacement under warranty: dual-use items).

We moved quickly to remove Egypt as an allowable destination from those OGELS which were considered to be of concern following the decision of the EU FAC. HM Revenue and Customs were advised of the entities to watch for all exports to entities of concern (Egyptian Army, Air Force and Internal Security Forces or Ministry of the Interior).

Information on export licences granted and refused for each destination, including a description and the value of the goods licensed for export, has been published since 1997 in the Government's Annual Reports on Strategic Export Controls. Since 2004 this information has also been published in Quarterly Reports. The reports are available online on the Strategic Export Controls: Reports and Statistics website:

https://www.exportcontroldb.bis.gov.uk/eng/fox/sdb/SDBHOME

The most recent report covers the period to March 2013. Users can register on the website and create their own bespoke reports for specific countries from 2008 onwards.

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