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Immigration

Cabinet Office written question – answered on 18th July 2013.

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Photo of Andrew Turner Andrew Turner Conservative, Isle of Wight

To ask the Minister for the Cabinet Office what the level of immigration to the UK was from (a) other EU member states and (b) non-EU countries in (i) 2005, (ii) 2010 and (iii) 2012.

Photo of Nick Hurd Nick Hurd The Parliamentary Secretary, Cabinet Office, The Parliamentary Secretary, Cabinet Office

The information requested fails within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Glen Watson, dated July 2013

As Director General for the Office for National Statistics (ONS), I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking the Secretary of State for the Home Department, what the level of immigration to the UK was from (a) other EU member states and (b) non-EU countries in (i) 2005, (ii) 2010 and (iii) 2012.

ONS produces estimates of Long-Term International Migration (LTIM), primarily based on the International Passenger Survey (IPS). The IPS is a continuous voluntary sample survey conducted by ONS and is the prime source of long-term international migration data for the UK providing estimates of both inflows and outflows. LTIM is the only series able to provide single year UK immigration estimates and to separate EU and non-EU countries.

Table 1 shows estimates of immigration to the UK, based on country of last residence, for EU and non-EU countries for the year ending December 2005 and the year ending December 2010. Data for the year ending December 2012 will be published on 28th November 2013.

Table 1: LTIM immigration estimates to the UK, by country of last residence, for EU and non-EU countries
  EU countries Non-EU countries
Year ending December 2005 186,000 381,000
Year ending December 2010 208,000 383,000
Source: ONS http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/long-term-international-migration/2011/2-02-ltim-country-of-last-or-next-residence--1991-2011.xls

LTIM provisional estimates of immigration by citizenship, including an EU and non-EU breakdown for the year ending September 2012 have been published and can be found at the following link:

http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/rel/migration1/migration-statistics-quarterly-report/may-2013/provisional-long-term-international-migration--ltim--estimates-sep-2012.xls

Revised net migration, immigration and emigration figures have been published as components of change in revised mid-year population estimates from the year to mid-2002 to the year to mid-2010 for England and Wales. These take into account the results from the 2011 Census, and included a revision to the net migration component, focussed primarily on the middle part of the decade before improvements were made to the International Passenger Survey in 2009. This is explained in a report published in December 2012. Table 7 of that report shows the differences between LTIM and the revised net migration component.

http://ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/method-quality/specific/population-and-migration/population-statistics-research-unit--psru-/methods-used-to-revise-the-national-population-estimates-for-mid-2002-to-mid-2010.pdf

ONS plans to publish a further analytical report in Autumn 2013 that will further explain the differences between LTIM and the net migration component of the revised population estimates series.

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