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Prisons may deploy a comprehensive range of robust searching and security techniques. Such measures include basic and enhanced rub down searching and full searching of prisoners, staff and visitors, as appropriate, the use of x-ray machines, drug detection dogs and CCTV surveillance cameras and the imposition of closed (non-contact) visits. Routine and intelligence-led searching of living accommodation and communal areas is also deployed.
No member of staff is employed only to conduct security checks on prisoners and visitors entering prisons. This task is generally part of a role comprising a range of duties within prisons.
Individual establishments are required to conduct a local assessment to determine the number of staff required to conduct such checks in each circumstance, which will be dependent on the security category of the establishment, the nature of the area/activity and other specific local needs.