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Child Poverty

House of Lords written question – answered on 10th July 2013.

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Photo of The Bishop of Derby The Bishop of Derby Bishop

To ask Her Majesty’s Government how many children are defined under the Child Poverty Act 2010 as living in poverty in (1) Derby, and (2) the East Midlands.

Photo of Lord Freud Lord Freud The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

This information is not available for all the areas requested.

The Child Poverty Act 2010 sets four income-based UK-wide targets to be met by 2020. The targets are based on the proportion of children living in households with relative low income, combined low income and material deprivation, absolute low income and persistent poverty (all before housing costs have been taken into account). Estimates of these are published in the National Statistics Households Below Average Income (HBAI) series. HBAI uses household income adjusted (or ‘equivalised’) for household size and composition, to provide a proxy for standard of living.

Information for Derby is not available as the sample size of this survey is not sufficient to provide robust estimates for each of the four measures. Persistent poverty figures for the East Midlands are also not available.

Three-year averages are used to report statistics by region and country, as single-year estimates are subject to volatility. The latest figures for relative and absolute low income for East Midlands covering the last three years (2009/10-2011/12) can be found in the latest 2011/12 HBAI publication, available at the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/households-below-average-income-hbai-199495-to-201112

Relevant figures can be found in Table 4.17ts (on page 136) for the latest relative low income estimates for the East Midlands, and similar figures for absolute low income estimates can be found in Table 4.23ts (on page 142).

The items used to measure material deprivation have changed since 2010/11, this has meant that the current combined low income and material deprivation time series is limited to two years’ worth of data. As such three year averages by region and country for this measure are not available for 2009/10-2011/12. The latest combined low income and material deprivation figures available are for 2008/09-2010/11 found in the earlier 2010/11 HBAI publication, available at the link below:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/households-below-average-income-hbai-199495-to-201011

Relevant figures for the East Midlands under the combined low income and material deprivation measure covering 2008/09-2010/11 can be found in table 4.6db (on page 115).

We want to develop better measures of child poverty which include, but go beyond income to provide a more accurate picture of the reality of child poverty. Our consultation on how best to measure child poverty closed on 15 February. A large volume of responses was received and all of these are being read and we will publish a response as soon as we can.

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