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Pupils: Yorkshire and the Humber

Education written question – answered on 10th July 2013.

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Photo of Hugh Bayley Hugh Bayley NATO Parliamentary Assembly UK Delegation, NATO Parliamentary Assembly (President)

To ask the Secretary of State for Education how much (a) revenue and (b) capital funding was provided per pupil in state (i) primary and (ii) secondary schools in (A) York Local Authority and (B) Yorkshire and the Humber in each year since 1995-96 (1) in cash terms and (2) at 2013 prices.

Photo of David Laws David Laws The Minister of State, Cabinet Office, The Minister for Schools

York only became a local authority in 1996-97, as a result of local government reorganisation, so comparable funding data is only available from this date.

Average per pupil revenue funding figures, from the Department to local authorities, for pupils aged 3-10 (primary) and 11-15 (secondary) for York alone, and the Yorkshire and Humber region on average, for years 1997-98 to 2005-06 are as follows. These figures are in cash terms:

Average per pupil revenue funding (cash)
  1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
York LA (primary) 1,866 2,002 2,184 2,397 2,574 2,702 2,893 3,064 3,337
York LA (secondary) 2,608 2,751 2,909 3,242 3,423 3,575 3,699 3,970 4,227
                   
Yorkshire and Humber average (primary) 1,943 2,086 2,288 2,539 2,766 2,931 3,220 3,400 3,689
Yorkshire and Humber average (secondary) 2,724 2,859 3,047 3,376 3,629 3,806 4,004 4,280 4,563
Notes: 1. Price base: cash. 2. Figures reflect relevant sub-blocks of standard spending assessment (SSA)/education formula spending (EFS) settlements and exclude the pensions transfer to EFS and Learning and Skills Council (LSC). 3. Funding also includes all revenue grants in DFE departmental expenditure limits relevant to pupils aged 3-15 and excludes education maintenance allowances (EMAs) and grants not allocated at LEA level. 4. Where responsibility for funding a school has transferred from an authority, related funding no longer appears in the series. 5. The pupil numbers used to convert £ million figures to £ per pupil are those underlying the SSA/EFS settlement calculations plus PLASC 3-year-old maintained pupils and estimated 3 to 4-year-olds funded through state support in maintained and other educational institutions where these are not included in the SSA pupil numbers. 6. Rounding: per pupil figures are rounded to the nearest £1.

These figures are in real terms:

Average per pupil revenue funding (real)
  1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06
York LA (primary) 2,599 2,736 2,927 3,190 3,334 3,421 3,593 3,703 3,961
York LA (secondary) 3,632 3,760 3,899 4,314 4,435 4,526 4,594 4,798 5,017
                   
Yorkshire and Humber average (primary) 2,706 2,851 3,067 3,379 3,584 3,711 3,999 4,109 4,379
Yorkshire and Humber average (secondary) 3,793 3,907 4,084 4,492 4,702 4,819 4,973 5,173 5,416
Notes: 1. Price base: real terms at 2012-13 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 27 June 2013. 2. Figures reflect relevant sub-blocks of standard spending assessment/education formula spending (EFS) settlements and exclude the pensions transfer to EFS and LSC. 3. Funding also includes all revenue grants in DFE departmental expenditure limits relevant to pupils aged 3-15 and exclude education maintenance allowances (EMAs) and grants not allocated at LEA level. 4. Where responsibility for funding a school has transferred from an authority, related funding no longer appears in the series. 5. The pupil numbers used to convert £ million figures to £ per pupil are those underlying the SSA/EFS settlement calculations plus PLASC 3-year-old maintained pupils and estimated 3 to 4-year-olds funded through state support in maintained and other educational institutions where these are not included in the SSA pupil numbers. 6. Rounding: per pupil figures are rounded to the nearest £1.

The total revenue funding per pupil shown in the following table are for the Dedicated Schools Grant (DSG). They are not comparable with those for the years 1997-98 to 2005-06 because the introduction of the DSG in 2006-07 fundamentally changed how local authorities are funded.

The 1997-98 to 2005-06 figures are based on education formula spending (EFS) which formed the education part of the Local Government Finance Settlement, plus various grants. This was an assessment of what local authorities needed to fund education rather than what they spent. The DSG is based largely on an authority's previous spending. In addition, the DSG has a different coverage to EFS. EFS comprised a schools block and an LEA block (to cover LEA central functions) whereas DSG only covers the school block. LEA block items are still funded through DCLG's Local Government Finance Settlement but education items cannot be separately identified. Consequently, there is a break in the Department's time series as the two sets of data are not comparable.

To provide a comparison for 2006-07 DSG, the Department has isolated the schools block equivalent funding in 2005-06; as described above this does not represent the totality of 'education' funding in that year.

The total and per pupil revenue funding figures for years 2005-06 to 2010-11 for York are provided in the following table. The following figures are for all funded pupils aged 3-15 and are in cash terms:

Average revenue per pupil funding (DSG + grants cash)
  2005-06 baseline 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
York LA 3,680 3,860 4,120 4,340 4,530 4,740 4,660 4,660
Yorkshire and Humber (average) 3,890 4,120 4,410 4,610 4,810 5,050 4,960 4,960
Notes: 1. Up to 2010-11 this covers funding through the Dedicated Schools Grant, School Standards Grant, School Standards Grant (Personalisation) and Standards Fund; it excludes grants which are not allocated at LA level. 2. Price base: cash. 3. These figures are for all funded pupils aged 3-15. 4. Figures have been rounded to the nearest £10. 5. In 2011-12, most separate grants were mainstreamed in to the DSG. The exceptions were grants that were time-limited and planned to end in 2010-11. 6. Figures do not include the pupil premium. Details of which are shown separately.

These figures are in real terms:

Average per pupil revenue funding (DSG + grants real)
  2005-06 baseline 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13
York LA 4,370 4,450 4,630 4,760 4,830 4,930 4,730 4,660
Yorkshire and Humber (average) 4,610 4,760 4,960 5,050 5,120 5,240 5,030 4,960
Notes: 1. Up to 2010-11 this covers funding through the Dedicated Schools Grant, School Standards Grant, School Standards Grant (Personalisation) and Standards Fund; it excludes grants which are not allocated at LA level. 2. Price base: real terms at 2012-13 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 27 June 2013. 3. These figures are for all funded pupils aged 3-15. 4. Figures have been rounded to the nearest £10. 5. In 2011-12, most separate grants were mainstreamed in to the DSG. The exceptions were grants that were time-limited and planned to end in 2010-11. 6. Figures do not include pupil premium. Details of which are shown separately.

The DSG plus grants figures up to 2010-11 do not include funding from the Learning and Skills Council to ensure that figures are on the basis of funding for pupils aged 3 to 15 and are comparable with 2011-12 and 2012-13 figures.

In 2013-14, the DSG was reformed to allocate funding to LAs in three blocks (Schools, Early Years and High Needs) and so figures are not comparable to previous years. For information, the Schools Block unit of funding for York is £4,209 (£4,114 at 2012-13 prices) and for the Yorkshire and Humberside region an average unit of funding of £4,534 (£4,432 at 2012-13 prices).

Since 2011-12 schools have received the pupil premium which targets funding at pupils from the most deprived backgrounds to help them achieve their full potential. In 2011-12, the premium was allocated for each pupil known to be eligible for free school meals, looked after children and children of parents in the armed services. In 2012-13 coverage was expanded to include pupils known to have been eligible for free school meals at any point in the last six years. The amounts per pupil amounts for each type of pupil are shown in following table in cash terms:

Pupil premium per pupil
£
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
Free school meal pupil and looked after children 488 623 900
Service children 200 250 300

Total pupil premium allocations for York local authority and the Yorkshire and Humberside region for each year are shown in the following table in cash terms:

Pupil premium allocations
£ million
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14(1)
York 1.284 2.567 3.687
Yorkshire and Humberside 65.644 126.372 182.284
(1) Allocations for 2013-14 are indicative based on January 2012 pupil numbers. Final allocations for 2013-14 will be based on January 2013 pupil numbers.

These figures are in real terms:

Pupil premium allocations
£ million
  2011-12 2012-13 2013-14
York 1.303 2.567 3.604
Yorkshire and Humberside 66.632 126.372 178.186
Note: Price base: real terms at 2012-13 prices, based on GDP deflators as at 27 June 2013.

The following table shows capital funding for the financial years that are available. The data are in cash terms as allocations are phased across more than one year making real terms calculations meaningless. Complete information on the split of capital between phases of education is not held centrally.

£ million
  Capital allocations(1) PFI credits(2)
  York Yorkshire and the Humber York Yorkshire and the Humber
1996-97 0.8 57.5
1997-98 1.3 52.1
1998-99 1.8 90.7 2.0
1999-2000 4.5 151.3 62.8
2000-01 7.4 243.3 86.0
2001-02 4.8 245.2 45.2
2002-03 9.2 310.5 1.1
2003-04 11.1 305.4 188.9
2004-05 11.4 326.6 15.4 273.2
2005-06 10.7 386.3
2006-07 23.0 281.9 255.4
2007-08 19.3 380,3 179.2
2008-09 26.7 371.5 4.5
2009-10 23.1 510.5 423.8
2010-11 18.4 701.4 348.7
2011-12 8.0 437.6
2012-13 8.9 354.0
2013/14 (provisional) 6.5 207.4    
"—" Indicates that no funding was given in that year. (1) Capital allocations includes capital grant and supported borrowing allocations. (2) PFI credit allocations are counted at financial close. Note: Figures are rounded to the nearest £100,000.

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