To ask the Secretary of State for Health
(1) what assessment he has made of the implications for his policies of a link between poor early infant attachment and hyperkinetic syndrome;
(2) whether his Department uses the term hyperkinetic syndrome to describe attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); and what steps his Department is taking to address the early causes of ADHD in babyhood.
The Department of Health uses terms which are used by clinicians. The term hyperkinetic disorder, which is used by the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes equates to the most severe cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which is a term used by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV).
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) provides advice to the national health service on clinical best practice. NICE published the clinical guideline “Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: Diagnosis and management of ADHD in children, young people and adults” in September 2008. The guideline makes recommendations for the diagnosis and management of ADHD in children, young people and adults but does not include recommendations relevant to children aged under three. NICE routinely reviews its published guidance in order to take account of the latest available evidence.
The Department for Education announced on