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Drugs: Misuse

Health written question – answered on 19th October 2012.

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Photo of Nick de Bois Nick de Bois Conservative, Enfield North

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what recent estimate he has made on the number of (a) recreational drug users and (b) drug addicts in (i) Enfield North constituency, (ii) London and (iii) England.

Photo of Anna Soubry Anna Soubry The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health

The “National and regional estimates of the prevalence of opiate and/or crack cocaine use 2009-10” report, published by the National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse, summarises the results of work by the University of Glasgow's Centre for Drug Misuse Research and the University of Manchester's National Drug Evidence Centre, to estimate the prevalence of opiate and/or crack use in England at a national, regional, and local level. In 2009-10, there were 306,150 opiate and/or crack users in England, of which 51,445 were in London and 1,594 in Enfield.

As part of the Crime Survey of England and Wales, data on self-reported drug use are collected by the Home Office. The following table shows the proportion of adults (aged 16 to 59 years) in England and Wales who have taken the drugs listed in the last year over the past 10 years. The proportion for Enfield is not separately estimated.

Proportion of 16 to 59-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs in the last year by drug, 2002-03 and 2011-12
  2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Class A                    
Any cocaine 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.4 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.5 2.2 2.2
Powder cocaine 2.1 2.4 2.0 2.4 2.6 2.4 3.0 2.4 2.1 2.2
Crack cocaine 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Ecstasy 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.4
Hallucinogens 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
LSD 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Magic mushrooms 0.6 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5
Opiates 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3
Heroin 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Methadone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
                     
Class A/B                    
Any amphetamine n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.2 1.0 1.1 0.8
Amphetamines 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.0 1.0 0.8
Methamphetamine n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1
Class B                    
Cannabis 10.9 10.8 9.7 8.7 8.2 7.6 7.9 6.6 6.8 6.9
Mephedrone n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 1.4 1.1
Spice (and other cannabinoids) n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.2 0.1
                     
Class B/C                    
Tranquillisers 0.6 0.6 .0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.7 0.4 0.4 0.5
                     
Class C                    
Anabolic steroids 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ketamine n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
GBL/GHB n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.0 0.1
BZP n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.1 0.1
                     
Not classified                    
Amyl nitrite 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.0 0.8
Glues 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 n/a n/a
Khat n/a n/a n/a. n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 0.2 0.2
Note: ‘n/a’ indicates that the question was not applicable or not asked in that particular year. Source: Drug Misuse Declared: Findings from the 2011/12 Crime Survey for England and Wales (2nd Edition), Office for National Statistics
Proportion of 16 to 59-year-olds reporting use of illicit drugs in the last year by English region and Wales, 2002-03 to 2011-12
  2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Powder cocaine                    
England 2.1 2.5 2.0 2.5 2.7 2.4 3.1 2.5 2.2 2.2
London 3.7 4.5 3.2 4.1 2.9 3.0 4.4 3.0 2.9 3.2
                     
Ecstasy                    
England 2.0 2.0 1.8 1.6 1.8 1.5 1.9 1.6 1.4 1.4
London 2.6 2.6 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.1 2.2 1.8 2.0 2.2
                     
Hallucinogens                    
England 0.7 0.9 1.1 1.1 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.6 0.5
London 1.0 1.3 1.9 1.5 0.4 0.7 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.8
                     
Amphetamines                    
England 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 0.8
London 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.3 1.1 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.4
                     
Cannabis                    
England 11.0 10.8 9.7 8.8 8.3 7.6 7.9 6.6 6.9 7.0
London 13.6 12.8 10.2 8.8 8.4 7.7 9.1 6.8 7.0 7.6
                     
Any Class A drug(1)                    
England 3.4 3.5 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.7 3.1 3.0 3.0
London. 5.1 5.5 4.3 5.2 3.6 3.8 4.9 3.5 3.8 4.3
                     
Any drug(2)                    
England 12.3 12.4 11.3 10.5 10.1 9.6 10.1 8.6 8.9 9.0
London 15.2 14.7 12.2 11.2 10.5 9.4 12.0 9.4 9.2 10.5
(1) “Any Class A drug” comprises powder cocaine, crack cocaine, ecstasy, LSD, magic mushrooms, heroin and methadone plus methamphetamine since 2008/09 interviews. (2) “Any drug” comprises powder cocaine, crack cocaine, ecstasy, LSD, magic mushrooms, ketamine, heroin, methadone, amphetamines, methamphetamine, cannabis, tranquillisers, anabolic steroids, amyl nitrite, any other pills/powders/drugs smoked. Source: Drug Misuse Declared: Findings from the 2011/12 Crime Survey for England and Wales (2nd Edition), Office for National Statistics

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