The Health Protection Agency (HPA) has assessed “the impact on health of emissions to air from municipal waste incinerators”. The agency concluded that modern, well-managed incinerators make only a small contribution to local concentrations of air pollutants. It stated that it is possible that such small additions could have an impact on health but such effects, if they exist, are likely to be very small and not detectable.
The HPA has also considered “the impact on health of emissions from landfill sites”. It concluded that a well-managed modern landfill site does not pose a significant risk to human health.
Both documents can be found on the HPA's website at: