To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
(1) how many British nationals studied in each other EU member state in each of the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement;
(2) how many students from each other EU member states studied in the UK in each of the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement.
Estimates of the number of UK-domiciles studying higher education (HE) qualifications in EU member states (other than the UK) are shown in Table 1. These estimates are based on data collections from National Ministries by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat, and refer to the period 2000 to 2009, the latest year for which data are available.
Information on the number of students domiciled in European Union (EU) member states (other than the UK) and enrolled at UK higher education institutions (HEIs) is shown in Table 2. These statistics from the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) cover the academic years 2001/02 to 2010/11. Information for the 2011/12 academic year will become available from January 2013.
The counts of outgoing (Table 1) and incoming (Table 2) students are not strictly comparable because they use different coverage rules and differing definitional criteria. The OECD and Eurostat measures of outgoing students, for example, do not include students on exchange programmes or those studying for a qualification with a full-time equivalent duration of less than two years; the HESA statistics on incoming students do include such students.
In addition to those who study abroad for their full degree, there are many schemes to allow students to spend part of their degree abroad. The largest is the Erasmus programme, where students can study in most other European countries including all EU member states. In 2009/10, there were 8,054 outgoing Erasmus study placements undertaken by UK students. The most recent figures available for incoming Erasmus study placements are for 2008/09 when there were 16,051; the outgoing figure for that year was 7,428. It is not possible to say how many of the outgoing and incoming students went to or arrived from the 26 other EU member states as opposed to the six other European countries in the programme.
The Government are dedicated to ensuring students have the opportunity to gain international experience through degree or credit mobility, or work experience, as we recognise the benefits gained from time abroad both for the student, UK HEIs and the wider economy.
The movement of students between countries is to be encouraged. It is of mutual benefit. Under EU law, UK students have access to study at universities in other member states of the EU under the same terms that apply to students of those countries. This enables students to experience different cultures, develop foreign language capability and other skills, which can be invaluable in their future working and personal lives.
|Table 1: Estimated number of UK students(1) studying(2) higher education(3) in EU member states (other than the UK) years 200009|
|EU member state||2000||2001||2002||2003||2004||2005||2006||2007||2008||2009|
|(1) OECD and Eurostat data collections allow countries to report estimates referring to either ‘usual/permanent residence’ or ‘country of prior education’ to define mobile students. (2) Covers students in all years of study. (3) These estimates do not include students on exchange programmes or those studying for a qualification with a full-time equivalent duration of less than two years. (4) Denotes missing. Note: Numbers in italics are internal estimates/adjustments to ‘correct’ for implausible values, missing data and methodological changes. Source: OECD and Eurostat data collections|
|Table 2: EU member state (non-UK) domiciled(1) enrolments(2) at UK higher education institutions: Academic years 2001/01 to 2010/11|
|EU member state||2001/02||2002/03||2003/04||2004/05||2005/06||2006/07||2007/08||2008/09||2009/10||2010/11|
|European Union, not otherwise specified||—||—||—||—||—||—||15||85||120||85|
|(1) Domicile refers to the country of a student's permanent or home address prior to entry to their course. (2) Covers students in all years of study. Notes: Figures are based on a HESA standard registration population and have been rounded up or down to the nearest multiple of five, so components may not sum to totals. Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) Student Record|