Overseas Students: EU Countries

Business, Innovation and Skills written question – answered on 4th July 2012.

Alert me about debates like this

Photo of Lorely Burt Lorely Burt Chair of the Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Party

To ask the Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills

(1) how many British nationals studied in each other EU member state in each of the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement;

(2) how many students from each other EU member states studied in the UK in each of the last 10 years; and if he will make a statement.

Photo of David Willetts David Willetts Minister of State (Universities and Science)

Estimates of the number of UK-domiciles studying higher education (HE) qualifications in EU member states (other than the UK) are shown in Table 1. These estimates are based on data collections from National Ministries by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat, and refer to the period 2000 to 2009, the latest year for which data are available.

Information on the number of students domiciled in European Union (EU) member states (other than the UK) and enrolled at UK higher education institutions (HEIs) is shown in Table 2. These statistics from the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) cover the academic years 2001/02 to 2010/11. Information for the 2011/12 academic year will become available from January 2013.

The counts of outgoing (Table 1) and incoming (Table 2) students are not strictly comparable because they use different coverage rules and differing definitional criteria. The OECD and Eurostat measures of outgoing students, for example, do not include students on exchange programmes or those studying for a qualification with a full-time equivalent duration of less than two years; the HESA statistics on incoming students do include such students.

In addition to those who study abroad for their full degree, there are many schemes to allow students to spend part of their degree abroad. The largest is the Erasmus programme, where students can study in most other European countries including all EU member states. In 2009/10, there were 8,054 outgoing Erasmus study placements undertaken by UK students. The most recent figures available for incoming Erasmus study placements are for 2008/09 when there were 16,051; the outgoing figure for that year was 7,428. It is not possible to say how many of the outgoing and incoming students went to or arrived from the 26 other EU member states as opposed to the six other European countries in the programme.

The Government are dedicated to ensuring students have the opportunity to gain international experience through degree or credit mobility, or work experience, as we recognise the benefits gained from time abroad both for the student, UK HEIs and the wider economy.

The movement of students between countries is to be encouraged. It is of mutual benefit. Under EU law, UK students have access to study at universities in other member states of the EU under the same terms that apply to students of those countries. This enables students to experience different cultures, develop foreign language capability and other skills, which can be invaluable in their future working and personal lives.

Table 1: Estimated number of UK students(1) studying(2) higher education(3) in EU member states (other than the UK) years 200009
EU member state 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Austria 214 214 173 175 186 180 194 200 243 258
Belgium 210 231 235 234 270 145 210 251 241 254
Bulgaria 1 1 4 1 3 3 5 7 3 6
Cyprus 44 50 47 64 66 77 50 43 48 54
Czech Republic 228 241 231 237 265 334 363 405 410 402
Denmark 374 388 401 425 450 466 471 479 472 517
Estonia 3 0 2 1 2 2 3 4 7 10
Finland 143 147 141 160 172 191 189 189 200 188
France 3,147 2,721 2,545 2,998 2,611 2,299 2,570 2,595 2,519 2,580
Germany 2,599 2,397 2,242 2,172 2,154 1,962 1,871 1,854 1,723 1,889
Greece 5 0 4 7 14 19 85 106 102 100
Hungary 40 46 39 23 28 33 53 76 104 128
Ireland 1,809 1,939 1,960 2,132 2,000 1,850 1,700 1,550 1,421 2,184
Italy 91 145 112 173 247 249 280 298 247 245
Latvia 1 5 4 3 6 8 15 17 25 28
Lithuania 2 3 3 2 4 8 8 8 7 8
Luxembourg (4) (4) 0 0 0 0 4 0 7 20
Malta 12 6 6 12 10 13 16 19 31 32
Netherlands 661 648 628 603 590 731 772 802 827 825
Poland 24 21 28 26 22 41 45 77 105 109
Portugal 94 90 90 91 90 107 86 90 99 101
Romania 2 3 5 6 14 16 10 33 31 62
Slovakia 2 3 5 4 5 6 12 26 41 52
Slovenia (4) (4) (4) (4) (4) 2 0 1 1 4
Spain 660 663 657 653 593 538 618 662 721 838
Sweden 828 791 808 839 822 839 761 789 525 541
Estimated total 11,194 10,753 10,370 11,041 10,624 10,119 10,391 10,581 10,160 11,435
(1) OECD and Eurostat data collections allow countries to report estimates referring to either ‘usual/permanent residence’ or ‘country of prior education’ to define mobile students. (2) Covers students in all years of study. (3) These estimates do not include students on exchange programmes or those studying for a qualification with a full-time equivalent duration of less than two years. (4) Denotes missing. Note: Numbers in italics are internal estimates/adjustments to ‘correct’ for implausible values, missing data and methodological changes. Source: OECD and Eurostat data collections
Table 2: EU member state (non-UK) domiciled(1) enrolments(2) at UK higher education institutions: Academic years 2001/01 to 2010/11
EU member state 2001/02 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11
Austria 1,020 1,145 1,265 1,255 1,300 1,355 1,415 1,380 1,490 1,695
Belgium 2,105 2,215 2,325 2,300 2,365 2,440 2,475 2,565 2,755 2,955
Bulgaria 1,250 2,185 3,395 4,615
Cyprus 5,490 6,950 8,360 9,640 10,370 11,160 11,320
Czech Republic 590 860 1,130 1,300 1,315 1,195 1,185
Denmark 1,530 1,650 1,595 1,575 1,515 1,470 1,515 1,525 1,555 1,530
Estonia 175 350 520 660 840 955 1,060
Finland 2,045 1,915 1,830 1,685 1,710 1,625 1,665 1,680 1,760 1,880
France 9,430 9,995 10,690 11,035 11,835 12,385 12,715 13,115 13,805 13,370
Germany 10,285 11,150 11,440 11,895 12,520 13,145 13,625 14,130 15,425 16,265
Gibraltar 690 695 680 610 600 620 620 615 625 665
Greece 26,575 24,005 20,785 17,585 15,740 14,025 12,625 12,035 11,785 11,630
Hungary 570 775 995 1,025 1,130 1,170 1,155
Ireland 12,735 13,020 14,235 15,780 16,120 15,585 15,260 15,360 16,595 16,855
Italy 4,770 5,005 4,765 4,845 4,975 5,430 5,605 6,040 6,550 7,100
Latvia 255 520 865 1,145 1,370 1,635 2,025
Lithuania 415 960 1,465 1,970 2,410 2,930 3,895
Luxembourg 695 780 810 800 800 830 835 890 960 1,000
Malta 555 705 745 820 900 995 1,030
Netherlands 2,025 2,260 2,320 2,275 2,510 2,620 3,040 3,200 3,270 3,340
Poland 2,130 4,245 6,640 8,570 9,145 8,415 7,330
Portugal 2,135 2,305 2,435 2,590 2,680 2,785 2,830 2,755 2,685 2,660
Romania 1,180 2,160 3,190 4,625
Slovakia 345 630 875 1,115 1,305 1,405 1,410
Slovenia 300 280 255 285 270 290 295
Spain 5,415 5,830 5,795 5,615 5,840 5,965 5,750 5,700 5,730 5,820
Sweden 3,535 3,530 3,285 3,325 3,210 3,275 3,195 3,185 3,200 3,335
European Union, not otherwise specified 15 85 120 85
Total 84,985 85,500 84,250 93,995 99,985 105,410 112,150 117,660 125,045 130,120
(1) Domicile refers to the country of a student's permanent or home address prior to entry to their course. (2) Covers students in all years of study. Notes: Figures are based on a HESA standard registration population and have been rounded up or down to the nearest multiple of five, so components may not sum to totals. Source: Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) Student Record

Does this answer the above question?

Yes0 people think so

No0 people think not

Would you like to ask a question like this yourself? Use our Freedom of Information site.