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There is no available estimate of the impact on the number of jobs created in the UK as a direct result of EU membership. These estimates would be difficult and, to some extent speculative, as they would require an assessment of the impact of EU membership on, among other things, trade in goods and services, foreign investments of European Union and non-European Union origins, financial and banking relations, inward and outward flows of migrants, etc.
Trade and investment with Europe is, nonetheless, very important to UK employment. BIS estimated that in 2006 3.5 million jobs were linked directly and indirectly to the UK's trade with the EU, representing around 12% of UK's work force. This is the most recent estimate available and no similar comparisons have been made over time.