The Department for International Development (DfID) undertook a bilateral aid review in 2010. This analysed DfID's programme to ensure we focus our aid where it can achieve the best impact. Of the G20 countries DfID has provided aid to within the past three years, South Africa and India are the only countries with a continuing bilateral development programme. South Africa faces substantial development challenges including nearly one in five of the adult population living with HIV. A distinctive British bilateral aid programme focused on HIV and support of private sector development as an engine for growth can make a significant impact. It is important to recognise that despite progress in India, there are many millions of people living on less than $1.25 per day-20 per cent more than in the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. The bilateral programme in India is focused on supporting growth in low-income states through private investment to deliver basic services, infrastructure and jobs.
Following the bilateral aid review, bilateral programmes in China and Russia were closed and a global partnerships programme was established to work with countries like China, Brazil, India, Indonesia and South Africa. The UK is working with these emerging economies as partners in global development to alleviate poverty in the poorest countries. As a result of their growing economic power and increasing influence on global issues such as climate change, global governance reform, trade, energy, and security, collaboration with these emerging economies on key development issues is essential to meeting our development goals.
Full details of the levels of UK aid to each recipient country can be found in the Statistics on International Development publication at this link: http://www.dfid.gov.uk/About-us/How-we-measure-progress/Aid-Statistics/Statistics-on-International-Development-2011/.