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To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many cases of E. coli 0157 infection were reported in (a) 2006, (b) 2007, (c) 2008, (d) 2009, (e) 2010 and (f) 2011.
The Health Protection Agency (HPA) carries out national microbiological and epidemiological surveillance of E. coli 0157. The HPA receives reports of laboratory human infections from microbiology laboratories throughout England and Wales and these data are collated and reported regularly in the HPA's Health Protection Report:
The number of cases reported in England and Wales in the last five years are provided as annual and regional totals in Tables 1 and 2. Outbreak data are provided in Table 3. Data for 2011 will not be available until early 2012.
|Table 1. E coli 0 157 annual totals for England and Wales, 2006-10|
|Number of E. coli 0 157 cases|
|Table 2: Regional totals of E. coli 0 157 in England and Wales, by year for 2006-10|
|East of England||59||93||73||84||68|
|Yorkshire and Humber||182||142||140||125||121|
|Table 3: General outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease caused by E. coli 0 157 in 2006-10|
|Mode of transmission||Number of outbreaks||Number||Percentage|
|Person to person||21||289||38.0|
|All outbreaks (total)||64||760||—|
|(1) Food is defined as provided in Regulation (EC) No 178/2002; i.e. a food is any substance or product, whether processed, partially processed or unprocessed intended to be, or reasonably expected to be ingested by humans, including drinking water.|