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Unemployment: Under-25s

House of Lords written question – answered on 12th December 2011.

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Photo of Lord Northbourne Lord Northbourne Crossbench

To ask Her Majesty's Government what proportion of currently unemployed young people (1) completed their compulsory school attendance to age 16, (2) failed or did not take (a) GCSEs or (b) A-levels, (3) come from a family where neither parent is in work, (4) have been in trouble with the police before the age of 16, (5) have a diagnosable mental illness, and (6) belong to each ethnic group.

Photo of Lord Wallace of Saltaire Lord Wallace of Saltaire Lords Spokesperson (Cabinet Office), Lord in Waiting (HM Household) (Whip)

The information requested falls within the responsibility of the UK Statistics Authority. I have asked the authority to reply.

Letter from Stephen Penneck, Director General for ONS, to Lord Northbourne, dated December 2011.

As Director General for the Office for National Statistics, I have been asked to reply to your Parliamentary Question asking what proportion of currently unemployed young people (1) completed their compulsory school attendance to age 16, (2) failed or did not take (a) GCSEs or (b) A-levels, (3) come from a family where neither parent is in work, (4) have been in trouble with the police before the age of 16, (5) have a diagnosable mental illness, and (6) belong to each ethnic group. HL13931

Estimates of unemployment are derived from the Labour Force Survey (LFS). Information on completion of compulsory schooling and on criminal records is not collected in the survey. The employment status of young people and their parents is only collected if they are all living in the same household.

The attached table provides the requested proportions of unemployed people aged 16 to 24 where suitable data are available. As with any sample survey, estimates from the LFS are subject to a margin of uncertainty.

In accordance with the International Labour Organization (ILO) convention, people are classed as unemployed if they are: without a job, and have actively sought work in the last four weeks; or, out of work, have found a job and are waiting to start it in the next two weeks.

Status of unemployed people aged 16 to 24 years
Three months ending September 2011 (unless otherwise stated)
United Kingdom, not seasonally adjusted
Per cent
Education
No qualifications 13
Qualified to GCSE below grade C and equivalent 11
Qualified to GCSE grade A*-C or equivalent 26
Domestic Situation1 (three months ending June 2011)
Live with parents 67
Of whom parents are not in work 22
Health2
Have reported a long-term mental health condition 3
Ethnicity
White 85
Mixed/multiple ethnic groups 2
Asian/Asian British 6
Black or African or Caribbean or Black British 6
Other ethnic group 1

Source: Labour Force Survey (ONS)

1 The employment status of children in relation to their parents employment status is only known if they are all living in the same household.

2 Health-related questions in the LFS are self-classified. Comprises mental illness, phobia and panics, depression, bad nerves, anxiety or other nervous disorders.

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