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Drugs: Rehabilitation

Justice written question – answered on 8th June 2011.

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Photo of Nicola Blackwood Nicola Blackwood Conservative, Oxford West and Abingdon

To ask the Secretary of State for Justice what the average cost of a drug rehabilitation requirement was in the latest period for which figures are available; how many such requirements are in force; how many such requirements made in respect of persons (a) of each sex and (b) each age group were (i) made, (ii) successfully completed and (iii) breached by non-compliance in each of the last three years.

Photo of Crispin Blunt Crispin Blunt Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Ministry of Justice) (Prisons and Probation)

The drug rehabilitation requirement (DRR) is the primary means for sentenced offenders to address their drug misuse as part of a community order or suspended sentence order. The costs of the DRR cover treatment, which is funded by drug (and alcohol) action teams (D(A)ATs) in England, and the costs of managing the requirement by local probation trusts.

Significant local variations in D(A)AT commissioning practice and costs of treatment modalities have made it difficult to establish the average cost of the treatment element of a DRR.

Detailed work to cost the services funded by NOMS estimates the average direct cost of supporting a DRR. This is the cost per completion at different levels of intensity for different lengths of requirement, each of which relate to the seriousness of the offence and the extent of the offender's needs.(1) The estimates are as follows, and are contained in published information which has been placed in both Libraries.

Table 1: Cost per completion ("does cost ") of DRR by type and length
£
  Intensity
DRR duration (months) Low Medium High
6 1,010 2,165 2,682
9 1,409 3,096 3,838
12 2,244 4,067 5,040
18 3,047 5,969 7,397

The most recent analysis of the case load found that on 31 December 2010 there were 8,114 community orders with a DRR and 3,127 suspended sentence orders with a DRR in force.

The following table shows the number of DRR commencements, successful completions, and revocations for non-compliance following breach proceedings broken down by age and gender in each of the last three years for which full information is available(2). Data on the number of applications made for a summons or warrant to return the offender to court for breach are not collected centrally by type of requirement.

The proportion of offenders successfully completing DRRs rose from 47% in 2008-09 to 56% in 2009-10(3). This is encouraging because we know from research relating to the drug treatment and testing order (DTTO), which was replaced by the DRR, that offenders who complete orders have significantly lower reconviction rates (53%) than those that do not (91%)(4), although it is not possible to attribute this difference entirely to the programme.

NOMS recently undertook a delivery review of DRRs which recommended the overhaul of starts and completion targets with clear outcome focused measures.

(1) The DRR can be used for low, medium and high sentencing bands. The amount and intensity of the drug treatment delivered under the DRR can be tailored to individual treatment needs regardless of the seriousness of the offence. The content and duration of the total community order should provide the overall restriction of liberty which is commensurate with the seriousness of the offence.

(2) These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems which may be amended at any time. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.

(3) Ministry of Justice {2010) National Offender Management Service Annual Report 2009/10: Management Information Addendum. London: Ministry of Justice.

(4) Hough, M., Clancy, A., McSweeney, T. and Turnbull, P.J. (2003) The Impact of Drug Treatment and Testing Orders on offending: two year reconviction results. Home Office Research Findings No. 184. London: Home Office.

Number of drug rehabilitation requirements (DRRs) commenced, successfully completed and revoked for failure to comply 2008-10
    Male
    18-20 21-24 25-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+ All
2008                  
Community order Commencements 481 1,334 2,755 4,243 1,403 134 5 10,355
  Completions 156 389 768 1,300 505 59 1 3,178
  Revoked (failure to comply) 30 63 148 198 57 1 0 497
                   
Suspended sentence order Commencements 200 510 944 1,411 409 48 0 3,522
  Completions 52 149 244 406 130 18 1 1,000
  Revoked (failure to comply) 10 25 54 70 14 0 0 173
                   
2009                  
Community order Commencements 402 1,173 2,405 4,060 1,327 169 8 9,544
  Completions 170 505 1,076 1819 716 89 6 4,381
  Revoked (failure to comply) 26 54 102 155 39 3 0 379
                   
Suspended sentence order Commencements 154 426 894 1,351 441 54 5 3,325
  Completions 83 162 279 498 200 13 1 1,236
  Revoked (failure to comply) 12 16 33 39 7 0 0 107
                   
2010                  
Community order Commencements 453 1,213 2,239 3,903 1,498 172 7 9,485
  Completions 170 467 889 1746 685 77 9 4,043
  Revoked (failure to comply) 22 47 93 138 33 1 0 334
                   
Suspended sentence order Commencements 139 421 812 1,483 436 43 8 3,342
  Completions 53 171 332 555 246 29 4 1,390
  Revoked (failure to comply) 7 16 18 51 6 1 0 99
    Female  
    18-20 21-24 25-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60+ All Total
2008                    
Community order Commencements 200 493 767 1,008 308 22 1 2,799 13,154
  Completions 54 130 206 275 91 15 1 772 3,950
  Revoked (failure to comply) 12 27 55 52 19 2 0 167 664
                     
Suspended sentence order Commencements 41 128 239 285 83 6 0 782 4,304
  Completions 11 31 63 83 26 1 0 215 1,215
  Revoked (failure to comply) 6 12 12 14 3 0 0 47 220
                     
2009                    
Community order Commencements 166 453 640 967 296 20 1 2,543 12,087
  Completions 53 171 277 411 141 9 2 1,064 5,445
  Revoked (failure to comply) 12 26 37 54 19 0 0 148 527
                     
Suspended sentence order Commencements 37 145 218 271 107 17 0 795 4,120
  Completions 16 50 86 96 46 1 0 295 1,531
  Revoked (failure to comply) 2 8 15 11 4 0 0 40 147
                     
2010                    
Community order Commencements 142 429 704 932 280 22 2 2,511 11,996
  Completions 49 134 247 388 139 9 1 967 5,010
  Revoked (failure to comply) 11 33 35 34 6 1 0 120 454
                     
Suspended sentence order Commencements 53 100 179 315 79 7 0 733 4,075
  Completions 14 50 73 123 59 9 0 328 1,718
  Revoked (failure to comply) 1 4 8 12 1 0 0 26 125

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