Health: Contaminated Blood Products

House of Lords written question – answered on 6th April 2010.

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Photo of The Countess of Mar The Countess of Mar Crossbench

To ask Her Majesty's Government how many cases of transfusion transmitted infections have been reported in each year since the inception of the United Kingdom Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) haemovigilance programme in 2006; what were the infectious organisms; and how many fatalities have occurred.

Photo of Baroness Thornton Baroness Thornton Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Department of Health, The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health

Reports of suspected transfusion transmitted infections are made to both the NHS Blood and Transplant (NHSBT)/Health Protection Agency (HPA) Epidemiology Unit and to the Serious Hazards of Transfusion (SHOT) scheme. Data are collated by the NHSBT/HPA Epidemiology Unit.

The following table shows all transfusion transmitted infections reported to either or both schemes between October 1996 (the inception of the SHOT scheme) and December 2009. Data to 2008 are also available in the SHOT Report 2008, published at www.shotuk.org.

The SHOT Report for 2009 will be published in July 2010.

Number of transfusion transmitted infections reported to the NHSBT/HPA Epidemiology Unit and/or SHOT, by year of report and infection, October 1996 to December 2009. The total number of infected recipients is shown, with the number of those recipients having died shown in brackets.

Infection 1996-97 1997-98 1998-99 1999-2000 2000-01 2001-02 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Total
Bacteria 3 1(1) 6(2) 5(2) 4(1) 5 3(1) 2 2(1) 3 6(2) 3(1) 43(11)
Hepatitis A 1 1 1 3
Hepatitis B 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 11
Hepatitis C 1 1 2
Hepatitis E 1 1
HIV1 3 1 4
HTLV2 1 1 2
Malaria 1 (1) 1 1(1)
Prion3 1 1
vCJD 1(1) 1(1) 1(1) 3(3)
Total 10 (1) 3(1) 9(2) 7(2) 6(1) 6 9(2) 2 5(1) 3(2) 3 6(2) 3(1) 72(15)

Notes:

1 Human immunodeficiency virus

2 Human T-lymphotropic virus

3 Evidence of prion infection found at autopsy, death was from an unrelated cause.

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