Injuries: Dogs

Health written question – answered on 30th March 2010.

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Photo of Justine Greening Justine Greening Shadow Minister (Communities and Local Government), Vice-Chair (Youth), Conservative Party

To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many people aged (a) under 18 and (b) 18 years and older were admitted to hospital through an accident and emergency department with external cause code W54 as a result of being bitten or struck by a dog in London in each year from 2007-08 to 2009-10.

Photo of Mike O'Brien Mike O'Brien Minister of State (Health Services), Department of Health

Information is collected on people admitted to hospital as an in-patient with a cause of injury recorded as being bitten or struck by a dog. This does not include people only attending accident and emergency (A&E) for treatment. Data are available only for the years 2007-08 and 2008-09.

A count of finished admission episodes( 1) through accident and emergency( 2) as a result of being bitten or struck by a dog (W54( 3) ) in London strategic health authority of residence( 4) , 2007-08 to 2008-09, by age
Activity in English NHS hospitals and English NHS commissioned activity in the independent sector
Under 18 18 and over Not known
2008-09 110 288 1
2007-08 134 286 0
(1) Finished admission episodes A finished admission episode (FAE) is the first period of in-patient care under one consultant within one health care provider. FAEs are counted against the year in which the admission episode finishes. Admissions do not represent the number of in-patients, as a person may have more than one admission within the year. (2) Method of admission We have defined accident and emergency admissions as finished admissions where the method of admission was: 21 = Emergency: via A&E services, including casualty department of provider. It should be noted that the following emergency admission methods have not been included as they are not related to admissions via A&E: 22 = Emergency: via general practitioner (GP) 23 = Emergency: via Bed Bureau, including the Central Bureau 24 = Emergency: via consultant out-patient clinic 28 = Emergency: other means, including patients who arrive via the A&E department of another health care provider. (3) Cause code A supplementary code that indicates the nature of any external cause of injury, poisoning or other adverse effects. Only the first external cause code which is coded within the episode is counted in HES. Cause code used: W54 = Bitten or struck by dog. (4) SHA/primary care trust (PCT) of residence SHA or PCT containing the patient's normal home address. This does not necessarily reflect where the patient was treated as they may have travelled to another SHA/PCT for treatment. PCT/SHA data quality In July 2006, the NHS reorganised strategic health authorities (SHA) and primary care trusts (PCT) in England from 28 SHAs into 10, and from 303 PCTs into 152. As a result data from 2006-07 onwards are not directly comparable with previous years. Data have been presented for those SHA/PCTs which have valid data for the breakdown presented here. As a result some SHA/PCTs may be missing from the list provided. Assessing growth through time HES figures are available from 1989-90 onwards. Changes to the figures over time need to be interpreted in the context of improvements in data quality and coverage (particularly in earlier years), improvements in coverage of independent sector activity (particularly from 2006-07) and changes in NHS practice. For example, apparent reductions in activity may be due to a number of procedures which may now be undertaken in out-patient settings and so no longer include in admitted patient HES data. Source: Hospital Episode Statistics (HES), The NHS Information Centre for health and social care.

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