Poverty: Children

Work and Pensions written question – answered on 30th March 2010.

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Photo of David Drew David Drew Labour, Stroud

To ask the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions how many children have been living in poverty in the South West in each year since 1993.

Photo of Helen Goodman Helen Goodman Parliamentary Under-Secretary (Department for Work and Pensions)

Specific information regarding low income for the UK is available in 'Households Below Average Income 1994-95 to 2007-08'. This annual report, which is a National Statistics publication, includes the numbers and proportions of individuals, children, working age adults and pensioners with incomes below 50 per cent. 60 per cent. and 70 per cent. of median income, and the proportions in persistent poverty. For children, it also contains a measure of combined low income and material deprivation.

Estimates of poverty by region, published in the Households Below Average Income series, begin from 1994-95.

The number and proportion of children living in households with less than 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income, on a before-housing-costs basis, are in the table.

Numbers and Proportion of children living in households with less than 60 per cent. of contemporary median household income, Before Housing Costs, South West, 1994/95-1996/97 to 2005/06-2007/08
Number of children (million) Proportion of children (p ercentage )
1994/95-1996/97 0.2 21
1995/96-1997/98 0.2 21
1996/97-1998/99 0.2 23
1997/98-1999/2000 0.2 24
1998/99-2000/01 0.2 22
1999/00-2001/02 0.2 20
2000/01-2002/03 0.2 19
2001/02-2003/04 0.2 18
2002/03-2004/05 0.2 18
2003/04-2005/06 0.2 17
2004/05-2006/07 0.2 17
2005/06-2007/08 0.2 18
Notes:

1. These statistics are based on Households Below Average Income, sourced from the Family Resources Survey. Both of these documents are available in the Library.

2. Small changes should be treated with caution as these will be affected by sampling error and variability in non-response.

3. The reference periods for Households Below Average Income figures are single financial years. Three sample years have been combined for regional statistics as single year estimates are subject to volatility.

4. The income measures used to derive the estimates shown employ the same methodology as the Department for Work and Pensions publication 'Households Below Average Income' series, which uses disposable household income, adjusted (or 'equivalised') for household size and composition, as an income measure as a proxy for standard of living.

5. For the Households Below Average Income series, incomes have been equivalised using Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development equivalisation factors.

6. Information for adults includes those above State Pension age.

7. Numbers of children in low-income households have been rounded to the nearest 100,000.

Source:

Households Below Average Income, DWP

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