Young Offenders: Greater London

Home Department written question – answered on 25th March 2010.

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Photo of Justine Greening Justine Greening Shadow Minister (Communities and Local Government), Vice-Chair (Youth), Conservative Party

To ask the Secretary of State for the Home Department

(1) how many community rehabilitation orders were (a) issued for each reason to and (b) breached by offenders aged (i) 12, (ii) 13, (iii) 14, (iv) 15, (v) 16, (vi) 17, (vii) 18 and (viii) 19 years old in each London borough in each year since 2002;

(2) how many (a) reparation, (b) action plan, (c) attendance centre, (d) curfew orders with conditions and (e) supervision orders were (i) issued for each reason to and (ii) breached by offenders aged (A) 12, (B) 13, (C) 14, (D) 15, (E) 16, (F) 17, (G) 18 and (H) 19 years old in each London borough in each year since 2002.

Photo of Claire Ward Claire Ward Parliamentary Under-Secretary, Ministry of Justice

I have been asked to reply.

The available information is provided in the following table.

Data for 2009 will be available when Sentencing Statistics 2009 is published later this year.

The Court Proceedings database does not have data by boroughs. The information provided is for the London criminal justice area.

Due to data quality issues we are unable to provide information on breaches from the Courts Proceeding database. Work is currently under way to resolve this.

The Courts Proceeding database does not record information on reasons why these orders have been issued, other than the offence committed.

The figures referred to in the response relate to stand alone community sentences only. Requirements similar to those of the stand alone orders which have been given as part of the generic Community Order are not included. The Community Order, brought in by the Criminal Justice Act 2003 is available for offenders 18 and over and whose offence was committed from April 2005.

The community rehabilitation order and the standalone curfew order were replaced by the community order under the Criminal Justice Act 2003, from April 2005 for offenders over 18.

Community rehabilitation orders do not apply to offenders aged under 16.

Action plan order and reparation orders apply for offenders aged under 18.

Total number of persons given community sentences for 12 to 19-year-olds, and by London criminal justice area 2002-08
Types of community sentences Age 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Community Rehabilitation Order 12 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
13 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
14 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
15 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
16 61 29 64 62 39 58 73
17 237 183 173 207 144 185 216
18 390 291 251 132 23 31 20
19 392 293 223 142 10 0 0
Reparation Order 12 5 6 2 3 6 3 0
13 32 9 8 9 19 20 14
14 57 24 28 23 38 36 34
15 106 65 48 57 76 90 73
16 104 69 68 55 102 99 76
17 106 56 56 55 72 68 60
18 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
19 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Action Plan Order 12 16 12 9 7 10 9 14
13 56 27 28 20 25 39 18
14 130 71 71 64 79 74 62
15 209 131 113 116 141 115 104
16 192 129 134 141 145 132 116
17 181 111 91 118 131 127 107
18 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
19 n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
Attendance Centre 12 5 1 2 1 3 4 1
13 13 8 11 6 6 6 7
14 51 26 26 14 11 32 21
15 89 45 50 52 42 68 47
16 84 59 64 53 54 69 63
17 77 60 55 49 67 82 66
18 43 31 25 27 32 22 25
19 27 20 19 15 22 15 13
Curfew Order 12 6 5 3 1 4 6 9
13 20 13 18 15 11 29 41
14 49 46 62 37 46 70 113
15 76 91 113 113 83 158 193
16 72 87 130 101 109 161 212
17 69 63 94 88 76 119 225
18 37 46 65 62 23 21 30
19 32 61 61 49 19 15 23
n/a = Not applicable

Notes:

Community rehabilitation orders do not apply to offenders under 16.

Reparation orders only apply to those aged 17 or under.

These figures have been drawn from administrative data systems. Although care is taken when processing and analysing the returns, the detail collected is subject to the inaccuracies inherent in any large scale recording system.

This data has been taken from the Ministry of Justice Court Proceedings database. This data is presented on the principal offence basis. Where an offender has been sentenced for more than one offence the principal offence is the one for which the heaviest sentence was imposed. Where the same sentence has been imposed for two or more offences the principal offence is the one for which the statutory maximum is most severe.

Sentences at the Crown court are categorised according to the police force that prosecuted the offence including those sentences that may be given at a court outside the prosecuting police force's area. The statistics are presented by criminal justice area. Police force areas correspond to criminal justice areas except for the Metropolitan and City of London Police, which are combined to form the London criminal justice area. Prosecutions brought by agencies other than the police are categorised according to the criminal justice area of the sentencing court. In the case of sentences at magistrates courts, a change was made to the categorisation by area as part of the rollout of the Libra case management system in magistrates courts during 2008. Sentences given at courts using the Libra system are categorised according to the criminal justice area of the court while sentences given at courts not yet using the Libra system are categorised in the same way as at the Crown court. By the end of 2008, all magistrates courts were using Libra. This change will have almost no impact on the categorisation by area; only around 0.01 per cent. of sentences at magistrates courts could have been affected in 2007 and 2008. Police forces do not prosecute minor offences (those that are sentenced at magistrates courts) in courts outside their areas.

The figures referred to in the response relate to stand alone community sentences only.

Requirements similar to those of the stand alone orders which have been given as part of the generic community order are not included. The Community Order, which was brought in by the Criminal Justice Act 2003 is available for offenders 18 and over and whose offence was committed from April 2005.

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