Health: Islington

Health written question – answered on 25th February 2010.

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Photo of Jeremy Corbyn Jeremy Corbyn Labour, Islington North

To ask the Secretary of State for Health what comparative information on health inequalities in Islington his Department holds on (a) teenage pregnancy, (b) infant mortality, (c) life expectancy, (d) obesity and (e) HIV/AIDS in (i) 1990, (ii) 1995, (iii) 2000, (iv) 2005 and (v) the latest date for which figures are available.

Photo of Gillian Merron Gillian Merron Minister of State (Public Health), Department of Health

The data are not available in the requested format.

Information relevant to teenage pregnancy and infant mortality is not held centrally.

However, data is available from the Office for National Statistics (ONS).

The information requested on obesity is not held centrally. However, data on obesity in adults and children in England has been published in the Health Survey for England. However, data on the number of obese adults and children in Islington is unavailable.

The following table provides ONS data for life expectancy in Islington and England. Life expectancy data for Islington are not available for 1989-91.

The following tables provides Health Protection Agency Information on those affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency (HIV/AIDS) within the Islington Primary Care Trust (PCT) area.

Life expectancy at birth (years), Islington local authority and England
1991-1993 1994-1996 1999-2001 2004-2006 2006-2008
Males, Islington 71 72 73 75 75
Males, England 74 74 76 77 78
Females, Islington 78 78 79 80 81
Females, England 79 80 80 82 82
Notes:

1 Figures are rounded to the nearest integer.

2 All figures are three-year averages, produced by aggregating the number of deaths registered in each year and mid-year population estimates across each three-year period.

3 Figures are period life expectancies at birth. Period expectation of life at birth for an area in a given time period is an estimate of the average number of years a newborn baby would survive if he or she experienced the particular area's age-specific mortality rates for that time period throughout his or her life. It is not therefore the number of years a newborn baby in the area in each time period could actually expect to live, both because the death rates of the area are likely to change in the future and because many of those born In the area will live elsewhere for at least some part of their lives.

4 All figures are calculated using abridged life tables. Deaths of non-residents are excluded from the data for England. (The England figures presented here may differ slightly from figures quoted elsewhere based on National Interim Life Tables, which are calculated using complete life tables and include deaths of non-residents).

Source:

Office for National Statistics

Information on numbers of individuals newly diagnosed with HIV or AIDS in Islington PCT and individuals accessing HIV-related care in Islington PCT are presented by sex, age at diagnosis, probable route of infection and ethnic group in the following tables.

Table 1: Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Islington PCT; new HIV and first AIDS diagnoses by year of diagnosis
PCT of diagnosis Report type Year of diagnosis
1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
Islington PCT HIV diagnoses (1) 30 46 25 56 14
AIDS diagnoses (1) 12 16 <5 <5 0
(1) A further eight individuals diagnosed with HIV in the Camden and Islington area and seven individuals diagnosed with AIDS were reported, however it is not possible to determine which PCT these individuals were diagnosed in.
Table 2: Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Islington PCT; by year of diagnosis and sex
Year of diagnosis
Report type and sex 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
HIV diagnoses Men 25 29 12 28 8
Women 5 17 13 28 6
Table 3: Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Islington PCT; by year and age at diagnosis
Report type and age at diagnosis Year of diagnosis
1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
HIV diagnoses <20 <5 <5 <5 5 0
20-34 18 26 15 21 7
35-44 8 14 <5 20 <5
45-54 <5 <5 <5 7 <5
55+ <5 <5 <5 <5 <5
Table 4: Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Islington PCT; by year of diagnosis and probable route of infection
Year of diagnosis
Report type and sex 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
HIV diagnoses Sex between men 20 18 7 15 <5
Heterosexual contact 6 25 16 37 8
Other <5 <5 <5 <5 0
Table 5: Individuals newly diagnosed with HIV in Islington PCT; by year of diagnosis and ethnicity
Year of diagnosis
Report type and sex 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008
HIV diagnoses White 14 19 10 13 5
Black African <5 10 10 30 <5
Other <5 <5 <5 9 <5
Notes:

1. Diagnoses are from reports received to end June 2009. Numbers; will rise as further reports are received.

2. Patients may live with HIV for many years before they are diagnosed. Therefore, new diagnosis data does not necessarily reflect recently acquired infections.

3. Areas when presented are area of diagnoses and not of residence.

4. Cells with counts under five have been masked to avoid the risk of deductive disclosure of an individual's identity.

5. AIDS diagnoses relate to a person's first diagnosis of an AIDS defining illness (subsequent diagnoses are not recorded).

6. AIDS diagnoses were not presented by sex, age, ethnicity or probable route of infection as numbers were too low.

7. With the Whittington hospital being the only major diagnosing site located within Islington Primary care Trust (PCT), it is highly probable that persons resident within Islington PCT are being diagnosed in neighbouring PCTs.

Table 6: number of diagnosed HIV-infected patients accessing care, resident in Islington PCT, by age group: 2000, 2005 and 2008
0-14 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55+ Total
2000 10 9 234 276 58 22 609
2005 12 24 223 524 182 53 1018
2008 5 35 198 588 319 92 1,237
Table 7: number of diagnosed HIV-infected patients accessing care, resident in Islington PCT, by ethnic group: 2000, 2005 and 2008
White Black-Caribbean Black-African Black other Indian/Pakistani /Bangladeshi Other/mixed Not known Total
2000 465 6 72 11 6 44 5 609
2005 701 28 176 18 8 74 13 1,018
2008 823 38 206 21 14 101 34 1,237
Table 8: number of diagnosed HIV-infected patients accessing care, resident in Islington PCT, by route of infection: 2000, 2005 and 2008
Sex between men Injecting drug use Heterosexual sex Other Not known Total
2000 444 37 112 14 <5 608-611
2005 716 44 230 20 8 1,018
2008 823 47 281 18 68 1,237
Notes:

1. Cells with counts under five have been masked to avoid the ris;k of deductive disclosure of an individual's identity.

2. Data are not available for 1990 and 1995.

3. With the Whittington Hospital being the only major diagnosing site located within Islington PCT, it is highly probable that persons resident within Islington PCT are being diagnosed in neighbouring PCTs

Source:

Health Protection Agency

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