To ask the Secretary of State for Health how many finished admission episodes to hospital there were in each strategic health authority area (a) in total and (b) per 100,000 of the population where an illness related to alcohol was a primary or secondary diagnosis in each of the last five years.
The number and rate of finished admissions of patients with a primary or secondary alcohol-related diagnosis in each strategic health authority area can be found in the following table:
|Number and rate of finished admissions of patients with an alcohol-related diagnosis|
|Strategic health authority||Number of a dmissions||Rate o f admission per 100,000 population (EASR)||Number of admissions||Rate of admission per 100,000 population (EASR)||Number of admissions||Rate of admission per 100,000 population (EASR)||Number of admissions||Rate of admission per 100,000 population (EASR)||Number of admissions||Rate of admission per 100,000 population (EASR)|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||66,684||1,178||72,870||1,272||77,454||1,331||83,442||1,413||91,345||1,525|
|East of England||63,472||975||72,622||1,097||77,808||1,156||84,711||1,235||91,625||1,303|
|South East Coast||46,802||938||54,833||1,082||60,074||1,173||66,025||1,264||71,805||1,338|
|Unknown /no fixed abode||6,908||n/a||8,787||n/a||9,082||n/a||12,400||n/a||9,656||n/a|
|n/a = Not applicable. |
EASR - European Age-Standardised Rate.
Includes activity in English National Health Service Hospitals and English NHS commissioned activity in the independent sector.
Alcohol-specific conditions are those defined as wholly attributed to alcohol, based on the methodology developed by the North West Public Health Observatory. They are:
Alcoholic cardiomyopathy (142.6)
Alcoholic gastritis (K29.2)
Alcoholic liver disease (K70)
Alcoholic myopathy (G72.1)
Alcoholic polyneuropathy (G62.1)
Alcohol-induced pseudo-Cushing's syndrome (E24.4)
Chronic pancreatitis (alcohol induced) (K86.0)
Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol (G31.2)
Mental and behavioural disorders due to use of alcohol (F10)
Accidental poisoning by and exposure to alcohol (X45)
Ethanol poisoning (T51.0)
Methanol poisoning (T51.1)
Toxic effect of alcohol, unspecified (T51.9)
Number of episodes in which the patient had an alcohol-specific primary or secondary diagnosis These figures represent the number of episodes where an alcohol-specific diagnosis was recorded in any of the 20 (14 from 2002-03 to 2006-07 and seven prior to 2002-03) primary and secondary diagnosis fields in a Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) record. Each episode is only counted once in each count, even if an alcohol-specific diagnosis is recorded in more than one diagnosis field of the record.
Figures have not been adjusted for shortfalls in data (i.e. the data are ungrossed).
Finished admission episodes
A finished admission episode is the first period of inpatient care under one consultant within one healthcare provider. Finished admission episodes are counted against the year in which the admission episode finishes. It should be noted that admissions do not represent the number of inpatients, as a person may have more than one admission within the year.
The primary diagnosis is the first of up to 20 (14 from 2002-03 to 2006-07 and seven prior to 2002-03) diagnosis fields in the HES data set and provides the main reason why the patient was admitted to hospital.
As well as the primary diagnosis, there are up to 19 (13 from 2002-03 to 2007-08 and six prior to 2002-03) secondary diagnosis fields in HES that show other diagnoses relevant to the episode of care.
HES are compiled from data sent by more than 300 NHS trusts and primary care trusts (PCTs) in England. Data are also received from a number of independent sector organisations for activity commissioned by the English NHS. The NHS Information Centre for health and social care liaises closely with these organisations to encourage submission of complete and valid data and seeks to minimise inaccuracies and the effect of missing and invalid data via HES processes. While this brings about improvement over time, some shortcomings remain.
Assessing growth through time
HES figures are available from 1989-90 onwards. The quality and coverage of the data have improved over time. These improvements in information submitted by the NHS have been particularly marked in the earlier years and need to be borne in mind when analysing time series.
Some of the increase in figures for later years (particularly 2006-07 onwards) may be due to the improvement in the coverage of independent sector activity.
Changes in NHS practice also need to be borne in mind when analysing time series. For example, a number of procedures may now be undertaken in outpatient settings and may no longer be accounted for in the HES data. This may account for any reductions in activity over time.
Assignment of Episodes to Years
Years are assigned by the end of the first period of care in a patient's hospital stay.
Hospital Episode Statistics (HES), The NHS Information Centre for health and social care.